A Study on the Strength Change of Used Pipe Support(III)

재사용 파이프서포트의 내력변화 연구(III)

  • Paik, Shin-Won (Department of Safety Engineering, Hankyong National University) ;
  • Choi, Soon-Ju (Occupational Safety and Health Research Institute, KOSHA)
  • 백신원 (한경대학교 안전공학과) ;
  • 최순주 (한국산업안전공단 산업안전보건연구원)
  • Published : 2006.06.30


Formwork is a temporary structure that supports its weight and that of freshly placed concrete as well as construction live loads. In constructions site, pipe supports are usually used as shores which are consisted of the slab formwork. The strength of a pipe support is decreasing as it is frequently being used at the construction site. Among the accidents and failures that occur during concrete construction, there are many formwork failures which usually happen at the time concrete is being placed. The objective of this study is to find out the strength change of used pipe support and unused pipe supports according to aging. In this study, 2857 pipe supports were prepared. Among these pipe supports, 2337 pipe supports were lent to the construction companies free of charge. 520 pipe supports were kept on the outside. Compressive strength was measured by knife edge test and plate test at each 3 month. Test results show that the strength of unused pipe supports as well as used pipe supports was decreasing according to age, use frequency and load carrier, and the strength of used pipe supports was lower than the strength of unused pipe supports at the same age. So, the strength of used pipe supports from 191 days to present day was not satisfied the specification of KS F 8001. In this study, the strength of pipe support according to age, use frequency and load carrier was predicted using SPSS 12.0. It was known that the strength of pipe support using for 5 years was reduced to 42.8%. According to these results, it shows that attention has to be paid to formwork design using used pipe supports. Therefore, the present study results will be able to provide a finn base to prevent formwork collapses.


temporary structure;formwork;pipe support;use frequency;load carrier;plate test;knife edge test


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