Forced Vibration Test of a Real-Scale Structure and Design of HMD Controllers for Simulating Earthquake Response

실물 크기 구조물의 강제진동실험 및 지진응답 모사를 위한 HMD제어기 설계

  • Published : 2006.12.31


Forced vibration testing is important for correlating the mathematical model of a structure with the real one and for evaluating the performance of the real structure. There exist various techniques available for evaluating the seismic performance using dynamic and static measurements. In this paper, full scale forced vibration tests simulating earthquake response are implemented by using a hybrid mass damper. The finite element (FE) model of the structure was analytically constructed using ANSYS and the model was updated using the results experimentally measured by the forced vibration test. Pseudo-earthquake excitation tests showed that HMD induced floor responses coincided with the earthquake induced ones which were numerically calculated based on the updated FE model.


forced vibration test;real-scale structure;hybrid mass damper;finite element model updating;inverse transfer function method;system identification


  1. 민정원, 이상현, 김진구, 이영철, 이승준, 최현훈, '점탄성 감쇠 기 적용을 위한 실물크기 5층 건물의 가진 및 시스템 식별', 한국지진공학회논문집, Vol. 7 No.3, 2003, pp. 1-7
  2. Juang, J.N., Applied System Identification, Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ., 1994, 394pp
  3. Dyke, S.J., Spencer Jr., B.F., Quast, P., Sain, M.K., Kaspari Jr., D.C. and Soong, T.T., 'Experimental Verification of Acceleration Feedback Control Strategies for an Active Tendon System,' Technical Report NCEER- 94-0024, State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY., 1994
  4. Alvin, K.F. and Park, K.C., 'Second-Order Structural Identification Procedure via State-Space-Based System Identification,' AlAA Journal, Vol. 32, 1994, pp. 397-406
  5. Yu, E., Whang, D. H., Conte J. P., Stewart J. P. and Wallace, J. W., 'Forced Vibration testing of buildings using the linear shaker seismic simulation (LSSS) testing method,' Earthquake Engng Struct. Dyn., Vol. 34, 2005, pp. 737-761
  6. A. Bagchi, 'Updating the Mathematical Model of a Structure Using Vibration Data,' Journal of Vibration Control, Vol. 11, No. 12, 2005, pp. 1469-1486
  7. Baruch, M., 'Optimization Procedure to Correct Stiffness and Flexibility Matrices Using Vibration Tests,' AIAA Journal., Vol. 16, No. 11, 1978, pp. 1208-1210
  8. Baruch, M. and Bar Itzhack, I. Y., 'Optimal Weighted Orthogonalization of Measured Modes,' AIAA Journal, Vol. 16, No.4, 1978, pp. 346-351
  9. 이성경, 민경원, 박은천, '진동대를 이용한 구조물의 하이브리드 실험', 대한건축학회 논문집 구조계 Vol. 22, No.5, 2006, pp. 57-63
  10. Lee, S-K., 'Study on the Shaking Table Testing Method Based on the Substructure Method Considering Dynamic Soil-Structure Interaction,' Ph. D Thesis, Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan, 2004, 119pp
  11. Halling, M. W., Muhammad, I. and Womack, K. C., 'Dynamic Field Testing for Condition Assessment of Bridge Bents,' Journal of Structural Engineering, Vol. 127, No.2, 2001, pp. 161-167
  12. 정상섭, 장석명, 이성호, 윤인기, '건축 구조물의 진동 제어용 하이브리드형 대용량 리니어 모터 댐퍼의 개발', 전기학회논문집, Vol. 51B, No. 11,2002, pp. 601-611
  13. Li, C. and Reinhom, J. C., 'Experimental and Analytical Investigation of Seismic Retrofit of Structures with Supplemental Damping: Part Il-Friction Devices,' Technical Report NCEER-95-0009, National Centre for Earthquake Engineering Research, Buffalo, NY, 1995
  14. 강경수, 이상현, 주석준, 민경원, '유한요소모델에 기초한 3층 건물모델의 시스템 식별', 한국소음진동공학회논문집, Vol. 14, No.5, 2005, pp. 416-423

Cited by

  1. Experimental Investigation of MR Damper-based Semiactive Control Algorithms for Full-scale Five-story Steel Frame Building vol.21, pp.10, 2010,