DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Effect of Tillage System and Fertilizer Type on the Forage Yield, Quality, and Production Cost of Winter Rye

경운방법 및 비료종류가 호밀의 사초수량, 품질 및 생산비에 미치는 영향

  • 김종덕 (천안연암대학) ;
  • 김수곤 (천안연암대학) ;
  • 권찬호 (천안연암대학)
  • Published : 2006.02.28

Abstract

This experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of tillage system and fertilizer type on the forage yield, quality, and production cost of winter rye. This experiment was a 2×2 factorial arrangement for two tillage system (Tillage and No-tillage) and two fertilizer type (Chemical and Manure compost). There was no difference in dry matter (DM) content, TDN (total digestible nutrients) yield, and CP (crude protein) yield of rye, but the DM yield was significantly higher for rye in tillage compared to the no-tillage system. The use of chemical fertilizer type also showed significant increase in DM, TDN and CP yields compared to the use of manure compost as fertilizer. The CP content for rye was significantly higher in no-tillage compared to tillage system, but the type of fertilizer used has no significant effect. No significant effects were observed for NDF (neutral detergent fiber), ADF (acid detergent fiber), and TDN in tillage system and fertilizer type of rye. The total cost to prepare 1 ha is lower in no-tillage compared to tillage, but production cost in rye per kg of fresh, DM and TDN were almost the same as tillage system because of lower forage production. The total cost to prepare 1 ha with the use of chemical fertilizer was higher than using manure compost as fertilizer, however, the cost to produce 1 kg of fresh, DM and TDN were lower when using chemical as fertilizer because of higher yield. Based on the results of this study, tillage system and fertilizer type affected forage yield more than forage quality. Production cost per 1 kg of tillage was lower compared to no-tillage, and that of chemical was lower than manure because of higher forage yield.

Keywords

No-tillage;Tillage;Chemical fertilizer;Manure compost;Production cost

References

  1. AOAC. 1990. Official Method of Analysis(15th ed.). Association of Official Analytical Chemists. Washington, DC
  2. Elkins, D. M., Vandeveter, J. W., Kapusta, G. and Anderson, M. R. 1979. No-tillage maize production in chemically suppressed grass sod. Agron. J. 71(1):101-105 https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj1979.00021962007100010026x
  3. Goering, H. L. and Van Soest, P. J. 1970. Forage Fiber Analysis. Agr. Handbook No. 379. USDA
  4. Hargrove, W. L., Reid, J. T., Youchton, J. T. and Gallaher, R. N. 1982. Influence of tillage practices on the fertility status of an acid soil double cropped to wheat and soybean. Agron. J. 74:684-687 https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj1982.00021962007400040021x
  5. Holland, C., Kezar, W., Kautz, W. P., Lazowski, E. J., Mahanna, W. C. and Reinhart, R. 1990. The Pioneer Forage Manual-A Nutritional Guide. Pioneer Hi-Bred Int. Inc., Des Moines, IA
  6. Hussain, I., Olson, K. R. and Ebelhar, S. A. 1999. Long-term tillage effects on soil chemical properties and organic matter fraction. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 63:1335-1341 https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj1999.6351335x
  7. Jones, J. N., Moody, J. E., Shear, G. M., Moschler, W. W. and Lillard, J. H. 1968. The no-tillage system for com(Zea mays L.). Agron. J. 60(1):17-20 https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj1968.00021962006000010006x
  8. Man, N. V. and Wiktorsson, H. 2001. The effect of replacing grass with urea treated fresh rice straw in dairy cow diet. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 14(8):1090-1097 https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2001.1090
  9. Naser, H. G. 1977. Multiple cropping in some countries of the middle east: In multiple cropping. Am. Soc. of Agron. Spec. Pub. No. 27. Am. Soc. of Agron. Madison, pp. 117-128
  10. Rahman, S. M. A., Begum, J. and Alam, J. 1996. Fodder production at savar dairy farm: An economic analysis. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 9(4):411-420 https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.1996.411
  11. Raimbault, B. A., Vyn, T. J. and Tollenaar, M. 1991. Com response to rye cover crop, tillage methods, and planter options. Agron. J. 83:287-290 https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj1991.00021962008300020005x
  12. SAS Institute, Inc. 1999. SAS user's guide : Statistics. SAS Inst., Inc., Cary, NC
  13. Triplett, G. B., Jr., Van Doren, D. M. and Schmidt, B. L. 1968. Effect of corn(Zea mays L.) stover mulch on no-tillage corn yield and water infiltration. Agron. J. 60(2): 236-239 https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj1968.00021962006000020028x
  14. 권찬호, 주종철, 김종덕, 최태일, 김정철, 김경환. 2003. 중북부 지방의 옥수수 생산량 조사연구. 천안연암대학. 서울우유협동조합 연구보고서
  15. 권찬호, 김종덕, 김수곤, 고석종, 최태일. 2004. 중북부 지방의 옥수수 생산량 조사 및 사일리지용 수수의 생산 및 사일리지 제조방법에 대한 연구. 천안연암대학. 서울우유협동조합 연구보고서
  16. 김석동, 유용환, 이석하, 김욱한. 1997. 콩 무경운 재배기술 확립시험. 농촌진흥청 작물시험장. 시험연구보고서 pp. 42-44
  17. 박홍규, 김상수, 백남현, 석순종, 박건호, 이선룡. 1996. 벼 무경운 재배시 재배양식에 따른 생육 및 수량. 한작지 41(4):420-428
  18. 신동은. 1999. 축종별 액상분뇨와 질소(N) 시용량이 양질조사료의 수량, 사료가치 및 토양특성에 미치는 영향. 서울대학교 박사학위 논문
  19. 유철현, 신복우, 정지호, 한상수, 김성조, 한성수. 1997. 경운방법에 따른 논토양의 이 화학성 변화. 한국토양비료학회지 30(2):140-145
  20. 육완방, 차용복, 금종성, 이종민, 한영근. 1997. 액상구비의 시용시기와 시용수준이 호 밀의 생산성에 미치는 영향. 한초지 10(2):84-88
  21. 최진룡, 김정부, 조영순. 1998. 한반도에서 지속농업의 설천방안. 지속적 벼 생산체계 개발을 중심으로. 경상대학교 개교50주년 심포지움: 228-312
  22. Adams, W. E., Morris, H. D., Giddens, Joel, Dawson, R. N. and Landale, G. W. 1973. Tillage and fertilization of com grown on lespedeza sod. Agron. J. 65:653-655 https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj1973.00021962006500040037x
  23. Moschler, W. W., Shear, G. M., Martens, D. C., Jones, G. D. and Wilmouth, R. R. 1972. Comparative yield and fertilizer efficiency of no-tillage and conventionally tiller com. Agron. J. 64(2):229-231 https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj1972.00021962006400020029x
  24. 김은석. 2002. 친환경 풋찰옥수수 생산을 위한 경운방법 및 두과 피복작물재배에 관한 연구. 경상대학교 박사학위 논문
  25. Thompson, R. B., Ryde, J. C. and Lockyer, D. R. 1987. Fate of nitrogen in cattle slurry following surface application or injection to grassland. J. Soil Sci. 38:689-700 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2389.1987.tb02166.x
  26. 김원호. 1994. 작물의 잔주와 그 관리가 사일리지용 옥수수의 생장, 수량 및 사료가치 에 미치는 영향. 서울대학교 박사학위 논문
  27. 김원호, 서성, 조영무, 이종경, 이광명, 최석승. 2004. 총체보리와 곡식보리 재배의 소득 비교. 한초지 24(특별호):182-183