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Fatty Acid Compositions and Physicochemical Properties of Feta Cheese Made from Bovine Milk

우유로 제조한 휘타치즈의 지방산 조성과 물리화학적 특성

  • 박승용 (천안연암대학)
  • Published : 2006.08.31

Abstract

Fatty acid compositions and physicochemical properties of feta cheese made from bovine milk were studied. Nutritional compositions of feta cheese were fat 22.79%, protein 10.57% with moisture content of 59.87%. The log cfu/g of lactic acid bacteria in bovine feta cheese decreased from 10.25 to 7.95 and pH also changed from pH 6.22 to pH 5.55 during storage at 4℃ for 14 d aging. The color of feta cheese turned into more whitish (L-value, 100.1) with a red (a-value, 4.6) and gray (b-value,-4.1) color after 14day's aging. For the texture profile analysis of bovine feta cheese, resilience was increased significantly (p<0.01) throughout the aging periods and adhesiveness was rapidly increased right after progressing of aging at both temperatures, but no difference was found between the aging periods. Hardness, fracturability, gumminess and chewiness were gradually increased at 0℃, but no statistical significances were found. Springiness and cohesiveness were not changed at both temperatures. In organoleptic evaluations, organoleptic intensities in sweetness, milky taste and saltiness were significantly enhanced over those of the control cheese at the level of p<0.01, and masticatory texture at p<0.05 with the progress of aging to 14d. Organoleptic preferences were significantly (p<0.01) enhanced except smell, color, mouth feel, and masticatory texture with the aging. In the fatty acid compositions of feta cheese analyzed by gas chromatography, the content of SFA (52.61%) was slight higher than that of USFA (47.39%) composed with MUFA (28.98%) and PUFA (18.41%). Among the nutritionally important fatty acids; ω6 (9.27%) and ω3 (0.55%) fatty acids, CLA (0.12%), arachidonic acid (0.19%) and DHA (0.12%) were also found in bovine feta cheese.

Keywords

Feta cheese;Nutritional compositions;Organoleptic evaluations;Textural properties;Fatty acid compositions

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