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An Evaluation of Condensed Molasses Solubles (CMS) as a Source of Nitrogen for Ruminal Microbes In Vitro

반추위 미생물의 질소공급원으로서 Condensed Molasses Solubles (CMS)의 사료 가치 평가

  • Yeo, J.M. (Korean National Agricultural College) ;
  • Kim, C.H. (Hankyoung National University) ;
  • Lee, J.H. (Korean National Agricultural College) ;
  • Nho, W.G. (Korean National Agricultural College) ;
  • Lee, S.H. (Korean National Agricultural College) ;
  • Kim, W.Y. (Korean National Agricultural College)
  • Published : 2006.08.31

Abstract

A series of four in vitro experiments were conducted to evaluate condensed molasses solubles (CMS) as a source of nitrogen for ruminal microbes. In experiment 1, as compared with urea, the value of CMS as a nitrogen source was examined. In experiment 2, to determine the time needed for maximal response of microbial synthesis, the treatments were incubated for increasing times (from 6 h to 16 h). Because a sediment that was assumed to cause nitrogen loss was found after incubation in experiments 1 and 2, it was decided to avoid formation of sediment using sugar instead of molasses or a shorter time incubation (experiments 3 and 4). Furthermore, in experiment 4, because the extent to which ammonia nitrogen is released from CMS and urea before 6 h of incubation was uncertain, it was decided to examine the peaks of concentrations of ammonia nitrogen released from CMS and urea by sampling after 2 h incubation. There was no significant difference in the concentration of microbial-N between molasses/CMS and molasses/ urea treatments in experiment 1, although there were greater decreases in ammonia concentration with the molasses/CMS treatment. The microbial protein synthesis was increased progressively until 10 h for both treatments (experiment 2). Although ingredients that were completely soluble (sucrose, urea) were used in experiment 3, the sediment was still evident suggesting that the sediment was largely of microbial not feed origin. Ammonia release from CMS was much faster than from urea during 2 h incubation. In conclusion, the results of the present studies suggest that the feed value of CMS as a source of nitrogen for ruminal bacteria was similar to that of urea when it was estimated in vitro.

Keywords

Condensed molasses solubles (CMS);Microbial protein synthesis; Rumen

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