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Effect of Pine Silage Feeding on Nutrient Digestibility, Feed Conversion and Carcass Traits of Korean Native Cattle

잣나무 生枝葉사일리지 급여가 한우의 영양소 소화율, 사료요구율 및 도체성적에 미치는 영향

  • 오영균 (축산연구소) ;
  • 정찬성 (축산연구소) ;
  • 이상철 (농림부) ;
  • 김경훈 (축산연구소) ;
  • 최창원 (축산연구소) ;
  • 강수원 (축산연구소) ;
  • 문여황 (진주산업대학교)
  • Published : 2006.04.30

Abstract

The wastes (the needle leaves and branches) produced from thinning the forest were fermented under an anaerobic condition (pine silage) to utilize as a forage source of ruminants. An in situ trial was conducted with two ruminally fistulated Korean native cows by 4 replicates (2 bags per cow), and in vivo digestibility of pine silage was estimated with five Korean native steers by 5 replicates in incomplete double turn-over design. In order to investigate feed efficiency and carcass traits, forty eight Korean native bulls were assigned to four treatments (0%, 25%, 50%, 75% of pine silage) with a completely randomized design in 12 pens accommodating 4 animals per pen. The amounts of concentrate and roughage allowed to experimental animals were in the range of 2.5% and 0.6% of body weight, respectively. Animals had freely accessed to mineral block and water in stanchion barn.An in situ crude protein digestibility of the roughage sources when suspended for 48 hrs in the rumen was higher for feeding the pine silage than the rice straw, whereas NDF digestibility was vice versa. No differences between the treatments were observed in in vivo digestibilities of dry matter, crude protein and NDF. Daily body weight gain was significantly (P<0.01) higher for the pine silage substitutions compared with the rice straw feeding except for the 25% silage feeding. The pine silage feeding did not affect feed efficiency.In carcass traits, marbling score tended to be higher for the 50% pine silage treatment than the other treatments while back fat thickness tended to be the thinnest for the rice straw feeding. From these results, it may be recommended to substitute pine silage, as a forage source, for rice straw by 50 percent.

Keywords

The waste of thinning forest;Pine silage;In situ;In vivo;Carcass traits

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