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Study on the Reverse Twist According to the Rubbing Direction for the Fringe-Field Switching (FFS) Mode

FFS 모드에서 러빙 방향에 따른 Reverse Twist 변화에 대한 연구

  • 김미숙 (BOE TFT LCD SBU 선행기술그룹, 전북대학교 신소재공학부) ;
  • 신승민 (BOE TFT LCD SBU 선행기술그룹) ;
  • 정연학 (BOE TFT LCD SBU 선행기술그룹, 전북대학교 신소재공학부) ;
  • 김향율 (BOE TFT LCD SBU 선행기술그룹) ;
  • 김서윤 (BOE TFT LCD SBU 선행기술그룹) ;
  • 이승희 (전북대학교 신소재공학부)
  • Published : 2006.02.01

Abstract

We studied on the reverse twist near the pixel edge depending on the rubbing direction for the fringe field switching (FFS) mode. Liquid crystal (LC) dynamic and the transmittance near the pixel edge, where the various field directions are generated, depend on the initial rubbing direction because the position of reverse twist is decided by the angle between the electric direction and the LC director at a bias voltage. For example, when the rubbing angle is $7^{\circ}$, the reverse twist appears on the bottom position of the right sharp comer of the pixel edge so that the reverse region exists far away from main active region. But, when the rubbing angle is $-7^{\circ}$, the reverse twist appears on the top position of the right sharp comer of the pixel edge, resulting that the region becomes more close to the main active area and the unstable disclination lines (DLs) easily intrude into the active region. Therefore, it is necessary to keep the reverse twist region far from the active region and it is possible by controlling the rubbing direction in the design of a pixel electrode.

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