Comparison of Nutrient Intake and Antioxidant Status in Female College Students by Skin Types

여대생의 피부상태에 따른 영양소 섭취와 항산화능 비교

  • Bae Hyun Sook (Major of Skin care and Obesity Management Graduate School of Cultural Industry Sungshin Women's University) ;
  • Cho Yun hi (Department of Medical Nutrition, Graduate School of East-West Medical Science Kyunghee University) ;
  • Kim Ju Young (Department of Medical Nutrition, Graduate School of East-West Medical Science Kyunghee University) ;
  • Ahn Hong Seok (Department of Food & Nutrition, Sungshin Women's University)
  • 배현숙 (성신여자대학교 문화산업대학원 피부비만관리학 전공) ;
  • 조윤희 (경희대학교 동서의학대학원 의학영양학과) ;
  • 김주영 (경희대학교 동서의학대학원 의학영양학과) ;
  • 안홍석 (성신여자대학교 식품영양학과)
  • Published : 2006.02.01


The objective of this study was to evaluate whether nutrient intakes and serum biochemical indices are associated with the skin condition of humans. Anthropometric data, skin surface hydration, ceramide content, dietary intake of nutrients and serum lipids (total cholesterol, HDL-, LDL-cholesterol, TG, MDA: malondialdehyde, TAS: total antioxidant status) were obtained from 36 healthy young women. Subjects were classified into 2 groups {LM: Low Moisture Group (n = 20) , HM: High Moisture Group (n = 16)} by forehead skin hydration. The results of this study were as follows: The average age, BMI, total body water, LBM, body fat$\%$, WHR, forehead hydration, ceramide content were 20.2 yrs, 20.7, 28.81, 39.2 kg, $28.0\%$, 0.8, $44.3\%$, and 1.05 $\mu$g/$\mu$g protein, repectively. The intakes of SF A (saturated fatty acid) , MUFA (monounsaturated fatty acid) in the HM group were significantly higher (p < 0.05) than in the LM group, but zinc intakes in the LM group were higher than in the HM group. Serum levels of TAS in the LM group (1.27 mmol/l) were significantly higher (p < 0.05) than that of in the HM group (1.20 mmol/l). Whereas other lipid levels were not significantly different, intakes of vitamin $B_{6}$ and folate showed significant positive correlation with the forehead hydration (r = 0.447, r = 0.377). Intakes of calcium and phosphorus showed significant negative correlation with forearm ceramide content (r = -0.496, r = -0.485). Several associations between nutrient intakes and skin conditions were observed, indicating that changes in baseline nutritional status may affect skin health.



  1. 김주영.김현애.박경호.조윤희(2004): 피부 미용을 위한 기능성 식이소재의 이해. J Soc Cosmet Scientists Korea 30(3): 313-320
  2. 김기연 . 고혜정 . 김광옥 . 김연주 . 장문정(1997): 피부관리학 I. 수문사
  3. 김종대 . 전성경 . 최현숙(1994): 피부관리학. 고문사, p40
  4. Oh YK, Kim KY (2001): 기능성 화장품 원료로서 세라마이드의 유용성에 관한 이론적 고찰. J Kor Soc Cosm 7(1): 107-115
  5. Abraham W, Wertz PW, Landmann L, Downing DT (1987): Stratum Corneum Lipid Liposomes: Calcium-induced Transformation into Lamellar Sheets. J Invest Dermatol 88(2): 212-214
  6. Bae HS, Lee GJ, Ahn HS (2005): Selenium, Manganese, Copper and Zinc Contents in Serum of Patients with Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia. Korean J Comm Nutr 10(5): 700-707
  7. Baldwin S, Odio MR, Haines SL, O'Connor RJ, Englehart JS, Lane AT (2001): Skin Benefits by a Novel Disposable Diaper. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venerol 15(1): 5-11
  8. Boelsma E, Hendriks HFJ, Roza L (2001): Nutritional Skin Care: Health Effects of Micronutrients and Fatty Acids. Am J Clin Nutr 73(5): 853-864
  9. Boelsma E, Vijver L PL, Goldbohm RA, Klopping-Ketelaars I AA, Hendriks H FJ, Roza L (2003): Human Skin Condition and Its Associations with Nutrient Concentrations in Serum and Diet. Am J Clin Nutr 77: 348-355
  10. Cheong SH, Kwon WJ, Chang KJ (2002): A Comparative Study on the Dietary Attitudes, Dietary Behaviors and Diet Qualities of Food and Nutrition Major and Non-major Female University Students. Korean J Comm Nutr 7(3): 293-303
  11. Choi G, Lee SH, Na YS (2003): Effects of the Health Behavior on skin Health in Female University Students. J Kor Soc Cosm 9(3): 63-70
  12. Choi JS (1998): A Survey of Skin Types on Physiological Phenomenon. J Kor Soc Cosm 4(1): 347-363
  13. Doering T, Brade H, Sandhoff K (2002): Sphingolipid Metabolism During Epidermal Barrier Development in Mice. J Lipid Res 43: 1727-1733
  14. Fuchs J (1998): Potentials and Limitations of The Natural Antioxidants RRR-Alpha-Tocopherol, L-Ascorbic acid and ${\beta}-carotene$ in Cutaneous Photoprotection. Free Radic Biol Med 25(7): 848-873
  15. Hayashi S, Takeshita H, Nagao N, Nikaido O, Miwa N (2001): The Relationship between UVB Screening and Cytoprotection by Microcorpuscular ZnO or Ascorbate against DNA Photodamage and Membrane Injuries in Keratinocytes by Oxidative Stress. J Photochem Photobiol B 64(1): 27-35
  16. Hong YS (2005): A Study on the Control of Obesity and the Skin Care of Female Adult According to the Lifestyle. Skin Care and Obesity Management Major Dep. of Cultural Industry Graduate School of Cultural Industry Sungshin Woman's University
  17. Horrobin DF (2000): Essential Fatty Acid Metabolism and Its Modification in Atopic Eczema. Am J Clin Nutr 7(suppl): 367s-372s
  18. Kim JH, Ahn HJ, Lee SE (2003): Body Composition, Food Intake and Clinical Blood Indices of Female College Students. Korean J Comm Nutr 8(6): 977-985
  19. Kim JH, Jung WJ (1999): An Analysis of Dietary Intakes and Plasma Biochemical Indices in Female College Students by Skin Types. Korean J Comm Nutr 4(1): 20-29
  20. Korea Society of nutrition (2005): Dietary Reference Intakes For Koreans
  21. Koyama J, Horii I, Kawasaki K, Nakayama Y, Morikawa Y, Mitsui T (1984): Free Amino acids of Stratum Corneum as a Bio Chemical Marker to Evaluate Dry Skin. J Soc Cosmet Chem 35: 183
  22. Lee JH, Kim JS, Lee MY, CHung SH, Chang KJ (2001): A Study on Weight-control Exprience Eating Disorder and Nutrient Intake of College Students Attending Web Class via the Internet. Korean J Comm Nutr 6(4): 604-616
  23. Lee MS, Woo MK (1999): Changes in Food Habit, Nutritional Knowledge and Nutrition Attitude of University Students During Nutrition Course. Korean J Nutr 32(6): 735-745
  24. McArdle F, Rhodes LE, Parslew RA, Close GL, Jack CI, Friedmann PS, Jackson MJ (2004): Effects of Oral Vitamin E and Beta-carotene Supplementation on Ultraviolet Radiation-induced Oxidative Stress in Human Skin. Am J Clin Nutr 80(5): 1270-1275
  25. Moysan A, Morliere P, Marquis I, Richard A, Dubertret L (1995): Effects of Selenium on UVA-induced Lipid Peroxidation in Cultured Human Skin Fibroblasts. Skin Pharmacol 8(3): 139-148
  26. Park SM, Ahn HS (2003): Antioxidants Vitamins Intakes and Serum Levels of Retinol, ${\beta}-Carotene$ and ${\alpha}-Tocopherol$ in College Women Students. Korean J Health Promot Dis Prev 3(1): 34-42
  27. Sator PG, Schmidt JB, Honigsmann H (2003): Comparison of Epidermal Hydration and Skin Surface Lipids in Healthy Individuals and in patients with atopic dermatitis. J Am Acad Dermatol 48: 352-358
  28. Schulz J, Hohenberg H, Pflucker F, Gartner E, Will T, Pfeiffer S, Wepf R, Wendel V, Gers-Barlag H, Wittern KP (2002): Distribution of Sunscreens on Skin. Adv Drug Deliv Rev 54(suppl): S157-163
  29. Seo DH, Park GS, Shin YJ (2005): The Dietary Habits and Preference of Foods on Skin Types of Woman College Students. Korean J Food Culture 20(1): 15-20
  30. Sies H, Stahl W (2004): Nutritional protection against skin damage from sunlight. Annu Rev Nutr 24: 173-200
  31. Soh BH (2003): The Application of Non-invasive Skin Bioengineering Devices for Measuring the Skin Physiology(I). Korean Edu J Aesthetics 1(3): 177-184
  32. Son SM, Sung SI (1998): Iron Nutritional Status of Female College Students residing in the Kyungin area. Korean J Comm Nutr 3(4): 556-564
  33. Sylvia AW, Rainer HM (2003): The Influence of Solid Lipid Nanoparticles on Skin Hydration and Viscoelasticity-in vivo study. Eur J Pharm Biopharm 50: 161-178