A Basic Study on a Magnetic Fluid Driven Artificial Heart

자성유체에 의해 구동되는 인공심장에 관한 기초연구

  • Kim, Dong-Wook ;
  • MITAMURA, Yoshinoro
  • 김동욱 (전북대학교 공과대학 생체정보공학부) ;
  • 미타무라 요시노로 (북해도대학 대학원 정보과학연구과)
  • Published : 2006.10.31

Abstract

A variety of actuators fur an implantable artificial heart have been studied. They, all, however, share the disadvantages of a complicated energy conversion mechanism and of the need to use bearings. A ferrofluidic actuator directly drives magnetic fluids by applying a magnetic field to these fluids; it does not require bearings. In this study, the feasibility of a ferrofluidic actuator for an implantable artificial heart was studied. An way of two Poles of ring solenoids was mounted near the acrylic tube $({\phi}\;7.4mm)$. A rubber sack (volume : $2m{\ell}$ was connected to both ends of the acrylic tube. The sack were encased in a rigid chamber that had inlet and outlet ports. The acrylic tube and the rubber sack were filled with water encased in a rigid chamber magnetic fluid and the iron cylinder were immersed in the water. Two experiment method was conducted. 1) distance between stoppers were 72mm and 2) distance between stoppers were 104mm. A stroke volume was stability and $0.96m{\ell}$ was obtained in the experiment 1 and $1.92m{\ell}$ in the experiment 2. The energy efficiency of Experiment method 2 is about five times than Experiment method 2. A magnetic fluid-driven blood pump could be feasible if the magnetic fluid with high magnetization (3 times yester than the current value) is developed.

Keywords

Artificial heart;Magnetic fluid