The Level of Support in Parents' Childcare and Work in 21 OECD Countries: Parental Leave and Childcare

OECD 21개국의 부모권과 노동권 보장수준을 통해 본 가족정책의 비교연구: 부모휴가와 아동보육시설 관련 정책을 중심으로

  • Published : 2006.08.31

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to classify and compare 21 OECD countries in regard to the level of support in parents' childcare and work. Several meaningful conclusions were suggested. First, examining the level of support in parents' childcare and work, 21 OECD countries can be classified into clusters different from the mainstream welfare state typology. Second, the level of parents' childcare and work support was high in socio-democratic countries such as Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden. Third, the level of parents' childcare right support is not necessarily positively related to that of parents' work in the labor market. As we have seen in the cases of France and Austria, although both countries have relatively high level of parents' childcare and work support, the level of work support in the labor market is low. These results have important implications for Korean family policy in that Korean society has to support both the parents' childcare right and the work right in the labor market.

Keywords

(de)commodification;(de)familialization;the right of parents' child care and work;parental level;child care;family policy