서울지역 채식.비채식 대학생의 골밀도에 미치는 영향요인에 관한 연구

Bone Density and Related Factors of Vegetarian and Non-vegetarian University Students in Seoul Area

  • 발행 : 2006.02.28

초록

본 연구에서는 채식, 비채식 남녀대학생을 대상으로 골밀도를 측정하고 신체계측, 식습관, 운동 등의 요인이 골밀도에 미치는 영향을 조사하였으며 결과는 다음과 같다. 1. 채식남학생은 33명(44.0%), 여학생은 34명(25.2%), 비채식군남학생 42명(56.0%), 여학생 101명(74.8%)이었으며 평균신장과 체중은 채식남학생 172.61cm, 62.42kg, 비채식남학생은175.38cm, 72.52kg, 채식여학생은 160.47cm, 55.76kg, 비채식여학생은 161.77cm, 56.34kg이었다. 2. 평균 BQI은 남학생군에서 채식군과 비채식군 각각 101.73, 107.43이었고, 여학생군에서는 각각 84.15, 89.64이었다. Z-score는 채식남학생 -0.16, 비채식남학생 0.15, 채식여학생은 -1.07, 비채식여학생은 -0.73이었고, T-score는 채식남학생 -0.28, 비채식남학생 0.03, 채식여학생 -1.07, 비채식여학생은 -0.77이었다. 3. 조사대상자의 골밀도 상태를 정상, 골감소증, 골다공증 3군으로 분류하였을 때 골밀도가 정상인 경우는 채식남학생 75.8%, 비채식남학생 83.3%, 채식여학생은 44.1%, 비채식여학생은 60.4%이었다. 골감소증은 채식남학생 24.2%, 비채식남학생 16.7%이었고, 여학생의 경우 각각 55.9, 37.6%로 채식군의 골감소증 비율이 높았다. 조사대상자에서 골다공증은 비채식여학생군에서 2명(2.0%)이었다. 4. 식습관을 조사한 결과 영양보충제를 섭취하지 않는 비율은 채식남학생 66.7%, 비채식남학생 54.8%, 채식여학생 58.8%, 비채식여학생 44.6%이었고, 규칙적으로 식사를 하는 경우는 채식남학생 75.8%, 비채식남학생 50.0%이었고, 채식여학생은 44.1%, 비채식여학생 34.7%으로 채식군의 비율이 높았다. 육식과 채식을 혼합하여 섭취하는 비율은 비채식남학생 83.3%, 비채식여학생 87.1%이었으며, 아침을 매일 먹는 채식남학생은 78.8%, 비채식남학생은 33.3%, 채식여학생 47.1%, 비채식여학생 39.6%이었다. 또한 식사의 양은 과식한다는 응답이 채식남학생 24.2%, 비채식남학생 38.1%, 채식여학생은 29.4%, 비채식여학생 40.6%으로 비책식군의 과식율이 높았다. 5. 식품 섭취빈도는 두부 및 콩제품을 매일 섭취하는 경우는 채식남학생 54.6%, 비채식남학생 16.7%, 채식여학생은 38.2%, 비채식여학생이 16.8%이었다. 우유 및 유제품을 매일 섭취하는 경우는 채식남학생 6.1%, 비채식남학생 33.3%, 채식여학생 14.7%, 비채식여학생은 21.8%이었으며, 녹차, 커피 등 차를 마시지 않는다는 비율은 채식남학생 69.7%, 비채식남학생 28.6%, 채식여학생 29.4%, 비채식여학생 25.7%이었다. 인스턴트 식품을 매일 섭취한다는 응답율이 채식남학생 9.1%, 비채식남학생 21.4%, 채식여학생은 17.7%, 비채식여학생은 14.9%이었다. 6. 운동, 체중 조절 등에 대한 조사 결과 항상 운동을 하는 경우는 채식남학생 30.3%, 비채식남학생 28.6%, 채식여학생 14.7%, 비채식여학생 18.8%이었으며 운동시간은 $1{\sim}2$시간 하는 경우는 채식남학생 30.3%, 비채식남학생 38.1%, 채식여학생은 8.8%, 비채식여학생은 17.8%이었다. 체중에 만족하는 정도를 보면 채식남학생 57.6%, 비채식남학생 23.8%, 채식여학생은 23.5%, 비채식여학생은 15.8%가 만족한다고 하였다. 체중 조절 경험에서 경험이 있는 경우가 채식남학생 3.0%, 비채식남학생 31.0%, 채식여학생은 23.5%, 비채식여학생 31.7%이었다. 7. 골밀도 BQI값과와 몇가지 요인의 상관관계를 살펴보았을때, 채식남학생은 영양보충제의 섭취와 유의적인 양의 상관관계를, 해조류의 섭취정도와 유의적인 음의 상관관계를 나타내었다. 비채식대학생의 경우 골밀도와 여러 요인과는 유의적 상관관계를 보이지 않았다. 채식여학생은 식사규칙성에서 유의적 음의 상관관계를, 식사량과 양의 상관관계를 보였다. 비채식여학생군에서도 비채식남학생군과 같이 전반적으로 유의적 상관관계를 보이지 않았다.

키워드

bone density;BQI;osteopenia;food habits

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