Influence of the Statistical Distribution of Bioassay Measurement Errors on the Intake Estimation

바이오어쎄이 측정오차의 통계적 분포가 섭취량 추정판에 미치는 영향

  • Lee, T.Y. (Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute) ;
  • Kim, J.K. (Dept. of Nuclear Engineering, Hanyang University)
  • Published : 2006.03.31

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to provide the guidance necessary for making a selection of error distributions by analyzing influence of statistical distribution for a type of bioassay measurement error on the intake estimation. For this purpose, intakes were estimated using maximum likelihood method for cases that error distributions are normal and lognormal, and comparisons between two distributions for the estimated intakes were made. According to the results of this study, in case that measurement results for lung retention are somewhat greater than the limit of detection it appeared that distribution types have negligible influence on the results. Whereas in case of measurement results for the daily excretion rate, the results obtained from assumption of a lognormal distribution were 10 % higher than those obtained from assumption of a normal distribution. In view of these facts, in case where uncertainty component is governed by counting statistics it is considered that distribution type have no influence on intake estimation. Whereas in case where the others are predominant, it is concluded that it is clearly desirable to estimate the intake assuming a lognormal distribution.

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