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Immunohistochemical Study on the TNFα-Secreting Macrophages and Endothelial Cells in the Porcine Corpus Luteum

돼지 황체에서 TNFα-분비 대식세포와 내피세포에 관한 면역조직화학적 연구

  • Park, C.S. (Division of Animal Science & Resources, Research Center for Transgenic Cloned Pigs, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Han, S.R. (College of Medicine, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Kim, S.I. (College of Medicine, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Cho, K.J. (College of Visual Images and Health, Kongju National University) ;
  • Kim, W.S. (College of Medicine, Chungnam National University)
  • 박창식 (충남대학교 형질전환복제돼지연구센터) ;
  • 한승로 (충남대학교 의과대학) ;
  • 김수일 (충남대학교 의과대학) ;
  • 조근자 (공주대학교 보건학부) ;
  • 김원식 (충남대학교 의과대학)
  • Published : 2005.10.31

Abstract

In the corpus luteum, TNF$\alpha$ is known to induce functional and structural luteolysis. In addition, it acts as luteotropic agent during the initial and early stage of luteal development. In spite of its importance in corpus luteal development, there is still different opinions for the source cells of TNF$\alpha$ in the corpus luteum. One is the macrophages only, and the other is macrophages are the main source and endothelial cells are the minor source. In this experiment, using the porcine corpora lutea of pregnancy and ovulatory stages, hematoxylin-eosin stain, macrophage and TNF$\alpha$ immunohistochemistry were carried to reveal the sources of TNF$\alpha$. As a result, MAC 387-positive macrophages were present in all the stages of corpora lutea. In the mature corpora lutea of nonpregnant stages, the sites of MAC 387-positive macrophages and those of TNF$\alpha$- positive macrophages were coincided, and the sites of endothelial cells and those of TNF$\alpha$-positive endothelial cells were nearly coincided. But, in the mature CL of pregnant stage, mid- and advanced luteolytic stages of both nonpregnant and pregnant stages, the sites of MAC 387-positive macrophages and those of TNF$\alpha$-positive macrophages were coincided, but not in the endothelial cells. Accordingly, it can be concluded that macrophages are the main source of TNF$\alpha$ in the corpus luteum and endothelial cells are the minor source in the mature and mid-lytic stages, but, in the advanced luteolytic stage, macrophages are the only source of TNF$\alpha$.

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