사람 모발에 부착되어 있는 세균의 동정 및 항생제 감수성

Identification of Bacterial Strains Adhered to Human Scalp Hair and Antimicrobial Susceptibility

  • Lee Moon Sook (Department of Biology, Sunchon National University) ;
  • Han Hyo Shim (Department of Biology, Sunchon National University) ;
  • Jung Jae Sung (Department of Biology, Sunchon National University)
  • 발행 : 2005.03.01

초록

사람의 모발에 부착되어 있는 세균을 분리 동정한 후 이 세균들의 항생제 감수성을 확인하였다. 중환자실에 입원해 있는 환자와 건강인의 모발에서 39개의 세균을 분리한 결과, Staphylococcus epidermidis가 19주로 가장 많았으며 그 다음으로 S. aureus가 14주, S. waneri가 5주, S. pasteuri가 1주 순으로 나타났다. Amikacin, ampicillin, bacitracin, carbenicilline, cefazolin , cefoperazone , chloramphenicol, erythromycin, gentamicin, methicillin, nalidixic acid, neomycin, oxacillin, penicillin, streptomycin, tetracycline, vancomycin에 대한 내성을 디스크 확산법으로 확인하였다. 항생제에 내성을 나타내는 세균들은 모두 입원환자의 모발로부터 분리된 것들이었다. 사람의 모발에 부착된 세균을 제거하기 위해 시중에 유통되고 있는 모발 세정제와 계면활성제인 SDS를 처리하였으나 제거효과가 없었다. 이러한 결과는 사람의 모발에 부착되어 있는 세균들이 병원 등에서 교차 감염원이 될 수 있는 가능성을 보여주며, 모발에 부착되어 있는 세균 소독의 중요성을 확인시켜주었다.

키워드

antimicrobial susceptibility;cross-contamination;human scalp hair;Staphylococcus

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