Identification of Bacterial Strains Adhered to Human Scalp Hair and Antimicrobial Susceptibility

사람 모발에 부착되어 있는 세균의 동정 및 항생제 감수성

  • Lee Moon Sook (Department of Biology, Sunchon National University) ;
  • Han Hyo Shim (Department of Biology, Sunchon National University) ;
  • Jung Jae Sung (Department of Biology, Sunchon National University)
  • Published : 2005.03.01

Abstract

This study was carried out to identify bacterial strains adhered to human scalp hair and to investigate the antibiotic susceptibility of them. A total of 39 isolates were obtained from patients in intensive care units and healthy persons. The most common species isolated was Staphylococcus epidermidis (19 isolates), followed by S. aureus (14 isolates), S. waneri (5 isolates), and S. pasteuri (1 isolate). The susceptibility of isolates to amikacin, ampicillin, bacitracin, carbenicillin, cefazolin, cefoperazone, chloramphenicol, erythromycin, gentamicin, methicillin, nalidixic acid, neomycin, oxacillin, penicillin, streptomycin, tetracycline and vancomycin was determined by the disk diffusion method. All of the antibiotic resistant isolates were obtained from patient scalp hair. To examine the effect of conventional shampoo and detergent SDS on removing of bacteria from hair, we treated hair with culture solution of S. aureus. The bacteria attached to hair were not removed even by repeated washing with detergents. These results suggested that hair could be a source of bacterial contamination in hospital.

Keywords

antimicrobial susceptibility;cross-contamination;human scalp hair;Staphylococcus

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