Effect of Oyster Shell Meal on Improving Soil Microbiological Activity

굴패화석 비료 시용이 토양의 생물학적 활성에 미치는 영향

  • Lee, Ju-Young (Department of Plant Nutrition, National Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology) ;
  • Lee, Chang-Hoon (Division of Applied Life Science, Graduate School, Gyeongsang National University) ;
  • Ha, Byung-Hyun (Product Development Tram, Namhae Chemical Co.) ;
  • Kim, Seok-Cheol (Research Management Division, Rural Development Authority) ;
  • Lee, Do-Kyoung (Plant Science Department, South Dakota State University) ;
  • Kim, Pil-Joo (Division of Applied Life Science, Graduate School, Gyeongsang National University)
  • Received : 2005.08.29
  • Accepted : 2005.09.22
  • Published : 2005.10.30

Abstract

The effect of oyster shell meal, which is made of a simple crushing and alkaline calcium materials, on soil microbial properties, microbial biomass C, N and P contents, and enzyme activities were evaluated in silt loam soil. The oyster shell meal fertilizer was added at the rates of 0, 4, 8, 12 and $16Mg\;ha^{-1}$. Microbial biomass C, N and P contents were significantly increased with increasing application of oyster shell meal. Soil enzyme activities, such as urease, ${\beta}$-glucosidase and alkaline phosphomonesterase were increased significantly by shell meal application, due to increased soil pH towards neutral range and increased nutrient availability in soil. In particular, the increased microbial biomass P content and phosphomonoesterase activities were strongly correlated with available P content in soil. Conclusively, oyster shell meal fertilizer could be a good supplement to improve soil microbial activities.

Keywords

Oyster-shell meal;Microbial biomass;Urease;Phosphomonoesterase;${\beta}$-glucosidase

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