Effect of Gypsum, Popped Rice Hull and Zeolite on Soil Aggregation in Reclaimed Tideland

간척지 토양에서 석고, 팽화왕겨 및 Zeolite 처리가 토양의 입단형성에 미치는 영향

  • Kim, Seong-Jo (Div. of Life-Environment, College of Life Science and Natural Resources, Wonkwang University) ;
  • Baek, Seung-Hwa (Dept. of Food Science and Biotechnology, Chungbuk Provincial University of Science & Technology) ;
  • Lee, Sang-Uk (Div. of Life-Environment, College of Life Science and Natural Resources, Wonkwang University) ;
  • Kim, Dae-Geun (Div. of Life-Environment, College of Life Science and Natural Resources, Wonkwang University) ;
  • Na, Young-Joon (Div. of Life-Environment, College of Life Science and Natural Resources, Wonkwang University)
  • 김성조 (원광대학교 생명환경학부) ;
  • 백승화 (충북과학대학 식품생명과학과) ;
  • 이상욱 (원광대학교 생명환경학부) ;
  • 김대근 (원광대학교 생명환경학부) ;
  • 나영준 (원광대학교 생명환경학부)
  • Received : 2005.08.29
  • Accepted : 2005.09.20
  • Published : 2005.10.30

Abstract

Gypsum treated to fine sandy loam increased the fornation of >2 mm aggregates in $1,550kg\;CaSO_4{\cdot}2H_2O\;10a^{-1}$ (Kbfg1) and $3,100kg\;CaSO_4{\cdot}2H_2O\;10a^{-1}$ (Kbfg2) to compare with control, Kc, at 60DAT, and bigger aggregates in general at 90DAT. The higher treatment of gypsum level, the <0.1 mm aggregates were less decreased as in Kbfg1, Kbfg2, and $6,200kg\;CaSO_4{\cdot}2H_2O\;10a^{-1}$ (Kbfg3) and aggregates of 0.25->2 mm were increased with increasing level of gypsum with more effective in Kbfg2 and Kbfg3 at 120DAT. Gypsum treated to silt loam increased aggregates of 2.0-1.0 and 1.0-0.5 mm in $3,100kg\;CaSO_4{\cdot}2H_2O\;10a^{-1}$ (Mbfg2) to compare with control (Mc), at 60DAT. Degrees of aggregation from 0.5-0.25 mm to >2 mm aggregates at 90DAT were distinctly higher. The higher treatment of gypsum level accelerated more aggregation of silt loam soil, and aggregates of 0.5-0.25 mm was most increased in Mbfg2 at 120DAT. Popped rice hulls treated to fine sandy loam increased aggregates of 2.0-1.0 mm in plots of $1,000kg\;10a^{-1}$ (Kbfhl) only to compare with control (Kc), at 60DAT, and aggregates of >2 mm and 2.0-1.0 mm Kbfh1 at 90DAT. At 120DAT, aggregation by popped rice hulls was most effective in Kbfbl pot. Popped rice hulls treated to silt loam increased in aggregates of >2 mm and 2.0-1.0 mm in $2000kg\;10a^{-1}$, Mbfb2 to compare with control, Mc, at 60DAT. Degrees of aggregation by popped rice hulls at 90DAT were higher in $1,000kg\;10a^{-1}$, Mbfh1, and Mbfh2, and at 120DAT was in $3,000kg\;10a^{-1}$, Mbfb3. Zeolite treatment with popped rice hulls, $1,500kg\;10a^{-1}$, increased in >2.0 mm aggregates in $1,000kg\;10a^{-1}$, Kbfbz1, $2,000kg\;10a^{-1}$, Kbfbz2, $3,000kg\;10a^{-1}$, Kbfhz3, and Mbfbz1, $1,000kg\;10a^{-1}$, Mbfbz2, $2,000kg\;10a^{-1}$, and $3,000kg\;10a^{-1}$, Mbthz3, to compare with control (Kc and Mc), at 60DAT. irrespective of soil texture. At 90DAT, >2.0-0.5 mm aggregates increased in Kbfhz1 of fine sandy loam. aggregates of >0.25 mm in $200kg\;10a^{-1}$ (Mbfbz1), $400kg\;10a^{-1}$ (Mbfhz2), $800kg\;10a^{-1}$ (Mbfhz3) of silt loam increased with the level of zeolite treatment. At 120DAT, the effect of zeolite treated to both soils showed the decrease of <0.1 mm aggregates. As the result, soil amendments for soil aggregation was more effective in the order of popped rice hulls+Zeolite > gypsum > popped rice hulls in fine sandy loam, and in the order of gypsum > popped rice huUs+zeolite > popped rice hulls in silt loam, respectively.

Keywords

Gypsum;Popped rice hull;Zeolite;Aggregate;Soil aggregation

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 농촌진흥청

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