Bacterial Strains and Their Cellulase Activity from the Excavated Clothes at Daedeok-gu, Daejeon

대전 대덕구 출토 복식 유물에 부착된 세균의 종류 및 섬유소분해효소 활성

  • Lee, Sang-Joon (Dept. of Microbiology, Pusan National University) ;
  • Cha, Mi-Sun (Dept. of Microbiology, Pusan National University) ;
  • Cho, Hyun-Hok (Dept. of Textile Engineering, Pusan National University) ;
  • Back, Young-Mee (Dept. of Clothing & Textiles, Pusan National University) ;
  • Kwon, Young-Suk (Dept. of Clothing & Textiles, Pusan National University)
  • Received : 2004.09.02
  • Published : 2005.02.28

Abstract

This study was aimed to isolation and identification of attached bacteria on the clothes excavated from Deajeon area dating on the 16th century. From the observation with colony shape, 17 bacterial strains were isolated, and then 7 bacterial strains were identified with morphological and biochemical characteristics. Streptococcus sp., Alcaligenes faecalis, Gemella sp., Acinetobacter sp., Pseudomonas vesicularis, Aeromonas sain. salmonicida, Moraxella spp. In observation of the bacterial strains by the sort of textile, more bacterial strains were found in silk, cotton, and cotton batt than in ramie and hemp. It is suggest that hemp has antibacterial characteristics due to the presence of lignin. In the comparison washed samples with unwashed ones, there were more kinds of bacterial strains in washed samples. In the cellulase activity tests, all isolated bacteria had low level cellulase activity.

Keywords

bacteria;excavated clothes;damage of textile;antibacterial characteristics;cellulase

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한국과학재단

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