The Status of Domestic Hydrogen Production, Consumption, and Distribution

국내 수소 생산, 소비 및 유통 현황

  • Gim, Bong-Jin (Dankook University, Department of Industrial Engineering) ;
  • Kim, Jong-Wook (Korea Institute of Energy Research, R&D Policy Research Dept.) ;
  • Choi, Sang-Jin (Korea Institute of Energy Research, R&D Policy Research Dept.)
  • 김봉진 (단국대학교 산업공학과) ;
  • 김종욱 (한국에너지기술연구원 정책연구부) ;
  • 최상진 (한국에너지기술연구원 정책연구부)
  • Published : 2005.12.15

Abstract

This paper deals with the survey of domestic hydrogen production, consumption, and distribution. The amount of domestic hydrogen production and consumption has not been identified, and we survey the amount of domestic hydrogen production and consumption by industries. The hydrogen production industries are classified into the oil industry, the petrochemical industry, the chemical industry, and the other industry. In 2004, the amount of domestic hydrogen production was 972,601 ton, which corresponded to 1.9% of the global hydrogen production. The oil industry produced 635,683 ton(65.4%), the petrochemical industry produced 241,970 ton(24.9%), the chemical industry produced 66,250 ton(6.8%), the other industry produced 28,698 ton(2.9%). The hydrogen consumptions of corresponding industries were close to the hydrogen productions of industries except that of the other industry. Most hydrogen was used as non-energy for raw materials and hydrogen additions to the process. Only 122,743 ton(12.6%) of domestic hydrogen was used as energy for heating boilers. In 2004, 47,948 ton of domestic hydrogen was distributed. The market shares of pipeline, tube trailers and cylinders were 84.4% and 15.6%, respectively. The purity of 31,848 ton(66.4%) of the distributed hydrogen was 99.99%, and 16,100 ton(33.6%) was greater than or equal to 99.999%. Besides domestic hydrogen, we also identify the byproduct gases which contain hydrogen. The iron industry produces COG( coke oven gas), BFG(blast furnace gas), and LDG(Lintz Donawitz converter gas) that contain hydrogen. In 2004, byproduct gases of the iron industry contained 355,000 ton of hydrogen.

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