Effects of Chungganhaewooltang on Serum Levels of Histamine and Corticosterone and Immune Response after Immobilization-Stress or Cold-Stress in Mice

청간해울탕(淸肝解鬱湯)이 생취에 Immobilization-Stress 및 Cold-Stress 부하후(負荷後) 혈중(血中)Histamine과 Corticosterone 함량(含量) 및 면역능(免疫能)에 미치는 영향(影響)

  • Kang, Bok-Hwan (Department of Oriental Obstetric and Gynecology, college of Oriental Medicine, Wonkwang University) ;
  • Jung, Woo-Suk (Department of Oriental Obstetric and Gynecology, college of Oriental Medicine, Wonkwang University) ;
  • Kim, Song-Baeg (Department of Oriental Obstetric and Gynecology, college of Oriental Medicine, Wonkwang University) ;
  • Yoo, Sim-Keun (Department of Oriental Obstetric and Gynecology, college of Oriental Medicine, Wonkwang University)
  • 강복환 (원광대학교 한의과대학 부인과학교실) ;
  • 정우석 (원광대학교 한의과대학 부인과학교실) ;
  • 김송백 (원광대학교 한의과대학 부인과학교실) ;
  • 유심근 (원광대학교 한의과대학 부인과학교실)
  • Published : 2005.11.30

Abstract

Purpose : Investigate the effects of Chungganhaewooltang(CHT) on immobilization-stress or cold-stress in C576BL/6J mice. Methods : Male C57BL/6J 30 mice of weighting 18${\pm}$2g, were divided into sixs groups including the immobilization-stress group(5heads), after immobilization-stress CHT oral administration(500mg/kg) groups(5heads), cold-stress group(5heads) and after cold-stress CHT oral administration(500mg/kg) groups(5heads). then we observed changes in the serum histamine and corticosterone level and changes immune system Results : Immobilization-stress or cold-stress increased the serum level of histamine and corticosterone. CHT decreased the serum level of histamine and corticosterone increased by cold-stress. CHT inhibited the release of histamine from mast cells at the concentration of 0.1 mg/ml. In addition, immobilization-stress or cold-stress decreased the cell viability of murine thymocytes and splenocytes. CHT increased the cell viability of thymocytes decreased by immobilization-stress or cold-stress, but did not affect the cell viability of splenocytes decreased by immobilization-stress or cold-stress. Also immobilization-stress or cold-stress increased DNA fragmentation of thymocytes and splenocytes. CHT decreased DNA fragmentation of thymocytes increased by immobilization-stress or cold-stress, but did not affect DNA fragmentation of splenocytes increased by immobilization-stress or cold-stress. Immobilization-stress increased the population of thymic $CD4^+$ cells. CHT decreased the population of thymic $CD4^+$ cells increased by immobolization-stress. Immobilization-stress or cold-stress decreased the population of $B220^+$ cells and increased the population of $thy1^+$ cells. CHT decreased the population of $thy1^+$ cells increased by immobilization-stress or cold-stress. Immobilization-stress or cold-stress increased the population of splenic $CD4^+$ cells and $CD8^+$ cells. CHT decreased the population of splenic $CD4^+$ cells increased by immobolization-stress or cold-stress. Immobilization-stress or cold-stress decreased the production of ${\gamma}-interferon$(IFN) interleukin(IL)-2 and IL-4. CHT enhanced the production of ${\gamma}-IFN$ decreased by immobilization-stress or cold-stress but did not affect the production of IL-2 and IL-4 decreased by immobilization-stress or cold-stress. Furthermore, Immobilization- stress or cold-stress decreased the phagocytic activity of peritoneal macrophages and the production of nitric oxide. CHT enhanced the phagocytic activity and nitric oxide production decreased by cold-stress. Conclusion : CHT may be useful for the prevention and treatment of stress via suppression of serum histamine and corticosterone level and enhancement of immune response.