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Food Functionality of Opuntia ficus-indica var. Cultivated in Jeju Island

  • 발행 : 2005.03.01

초록

Opuntia ficus-indica, commonly known as prickly pear cactus, is commercially grown as a food and medicinal plant in Jeju Island, Korea. The crushed pads and fruits of Opuntia ficus-indica were dried in a freeze-dryer and ground into flour to be used for food materials. The major components of proximate compositions were part of a nitrogen free extract. The major minerals were Ca (4391.2-2086.9㎎%), K (1932.1-2608.7㎎%), and Mg (800.6-1984.8㎎%). The major amino acid was glutamic acid, comprising 16.3% of total amino acids in fruit and 25.2% in pad. Dihydroflavonols were identified as (+)-trans-dihydrokaempferol and (+)-trans-dihydroquercetin. Citric acid methyl esters extracted from fruits showed inhibitory activities against monoamine oxidase-B. The presence of trimethyl citrate has been reported in other plants, but 1,3-dimethyl citrate and 1-monomethyl citrate have not been previously reported. The results of pharmacological efficacy tests, including serum biochemical and hematological parameters, autonomic nervous system, anti-inflammatory, analgestic activity, anti-diabetic activity, antithrombotic, anticoagulant, dopamine beta-hydroxylase, monoamine oxidase activity, hyperlipidemia, the respiratory system, antigastic, and anti-ulcerative actions indicate that the fruit and pad of the Opuntia ficus-indica are rich sources of food and medicinal materials.

참고문헌

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피인용 문헌

  1. Chemical Analysis of Nutritional Content of Prickly Pads (Opuntia ficus indica) at Varied Ages in an Organic Harvest vol.8, pp.12, 2011, https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph8051287
  2. Plants used for the treatment of diabetes in Jordan: A review of scientific evidence vol.49, pp.3, 2011, https://doi.org/10.3109/13880209.2010.501802
  3. Radical-Scavenging Activities of Fermented Cactus Cladodes (Opuntia humifusa Raf.) vol.29, pp.2, 2016, https://doi.org/10.9799/ksfan.2016.29.2.200
  4. Physicochemical Characteristics of Cheonnyuncho Fruit (Opuntia humifusa) Fermented by Leuconostoc mesenteroides SM vol.45, pp.4, 2013, https://doi.org/10.9721/KJFST.2013.45.4.434
  5. Development of a regeneration protocol through indirect organogenesis in prickly pear cactus (Opuntia ficus-indica (L.) Mill) vol.128, pp.3, 2011, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2011.01.030
  6. Structural Analysis of Anti-metastatic Polysaccharides Isolated from Opuntia humifusa vol.40, pp.2, 2011, https://doi.org/10.3746/jkfn.2011.40.2.214
  7. Immune System-Stimulating Activities of Mucilage Polysaccharides Isolated from Opuntia humifusa vol.41, pp.1, 2012, https://doi.org/10.3746/jkfn.2012.41.1.095