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Evaluation on Nutritional Value of Field Crickets as a Poultry Feedstuff

  • Wang, Dun (College of Forest, Northwest Sci.-Tech. University of Agriculture and Forestry) ;
  • Zhai, Shao Wei (College of Forest, Northwest Sci.-Tech. University of Agriculture and Forestry) ;
  • Zhang, Chuan Xi (Institute of Applied Entomology, Zhejiang University) ;
  • Bai, Yao Yu (Institute of Applied Entomology, Zhejiang University) ;
  • An, Shi Heng (Institute of Applied Entomology, Zhejiang University) ;
  • Xu, Ying Nan (College of Animal Science, Zhejiang university)
  • Received : 2004.09.20
  • Accepted : 2004.12.22
  • Published : 2005.05.01

Abstract

The proximate analysis, amino acid content and true amino acid digestibility and TMEn for poultry of adult Field crickets Gryllus testaceus Walker, were investigated. The insect was also used as partial replacement of protein supplements in the broiler diet on an equal CP percentage and TMEn basis. The results indicated that the adult insect contained: crude protein 58.3%; fat 10.3%, chitin 8.7% and ash 2.96% on dry matter basis, respectively. The total amounts of methionine, cystine and lysine in the Field crickets were 1.93%, 1.01% and 4.79%, respectively, and their true digestibility coefficients, determined in cecectomized roosters, were 94.1%, 85% and 96%, respectively. The TMEn of this insect meal was 2,960 kcal/kg determined in cecectomized roosters. When cornsoybean meal diets were formulated on an equal CP percentage and TMEn basis, up to 15% Field cricket could replace control diet without any adverse affects on broiler weight gain, feed intake or gain:feed ratio from 8 to 20 d posthatching.

Keywords

Field Cricket;Composition Analysis;Amino Acid Digestibility;Growth Performance;Poultry

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