Effect of Cosurfactant on Microemulsion Formation and Cleaning Efficiency in Systems Containing Alkyl Ethoxylates Nonionic Surfactant, D-Limonene and Water

보조계면활성제 첨가가 Alkyl Ethoxylates계 비이온 계면활성제, D-limonene, 물로 이루어진 시스템에서의 마이크로에멀젼 형성 및 세정력에 미치는 효과

  • Received : 2005.05.17
  • Accepted : 2005.08.02
  • Published : 2005.10.10

Abstract

In this study, the effect of sosurfactant on microemulsion phase behavior was investigated in ternary systems containing alkyl ethoxylates nonionic surfactant, water and d-limonene. The addition of a cosurfactant produced a microemulsion phase over a wide range of temperature and promoted formation of a microemulsion phase at lower temperatures. In particular, small amounts of n-propanol, as a cosurfactant, were found to be the most effective in extending a microemulsion phase region over a wide range of temperature. Temperature sensitivity of a nonionic surfactant system was effectively relieved by addition of the anionic surfactant sodium dodecyl sulfate. And the formation of one phase microemulsion was not affected by pH, hardness concentration and addition of an antioxidation agent. The cleaner candidates were determined from microemulsion phase behavior study, and their cleaning efficiency was tested using a dipping method. All the cleaner candidates selected during this study showed excellent removal efficiency for abietic acid over a temperature range from 30 to $40^{\circ}C$ presumably due to a decrease in interfacial tension.

References

  1. 노경호, 최대기, 이윤용, CFC 대체 세정제의 특성, 화학공업과 기술, 10, 328 (1992)
  2. 오존층보호관련법령집, 한국정밀화학공업진흥회 (1992)
  3. 노경호, CFC 대체물질을 이용한 세정기술, 공기조화 냉동공학, 25, 53 (1996)
  4. K. H. Raney, W. J. Benton, and C. A. Miller, J. Colloid interface Sci., 117, 282 (1987) https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9797(87)90192-5
  5. F. Mori, J. C. Lirn, O. G. Raney, C. M. Elsik, and C. A. Miller, Colloid Surf A, 40, 323 (1989) https://doi.org/10.1016/0166-6622(89)80029-0
  6. F. Mori, J. C. Lim, and C. A. Miller, Prog. Colloid Polym. Sci., 82, 114 (1990) https://doi.org/10.1007/BFb0118249
  7. K. H. Raney and H. Benson, J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 67, 722 (1990) https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02540479
  8. C. A. Miller and K. H. Raney, Colloid Surf A, 74, 169 (1993) https://doi.org/10.1016/0927-7757(93)80263-E
  9. H. K. Ko, J. K. Lee, S. J. Park, B. D. Park, J. K. Hong, S. K. Park and J. C. Lim, Hwahak Gonghak, 40, 316 (2002)
  10. J. C. Lirn and F. Mori, J. Korean lnd Eng. Chem., 5, 274 (1994)
  11. J. C. Lirn, J. Korean ind. Eng Chem., 6, 610 (1995)
  12. J. C. Lirn, J. Korean ind. Eng. Chem., 8, 473 (1997)
  13. H. K. Ko, B. D. Park, and J. C. Lirn, J. Korean lnd. Eng. Chem., 11, 679 (2000)
  14. M. F. Cox, J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 63, 559 (1986) https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02645756
  15. M. Kahlweit, R. Strey, and G. Busse, J. Phys. Chem., 94, 3881 (1990) https://doi.org/10.1021/j100373a006
  16. Clarence A. Miller, P. Neogi, Interfacial Phenomena: Equilibrium and Dynamic Effects, Marcel Dekker, New York (1985)
  17. J. C. Lim, C. A. Miller, and C. H. Yang, Colloid Surf., 66, 45 (1992) https://doi.org/10.1016/0166-6622(92)80119-M
  18. R. Strey and M. Jonstroemer, J. Phys. Chem., 96, 4537 (1992) https://doi.org/10.1021/j100190a075
  19. H. S. Kilman and P. H. F. van Steen, Surface Active Agents, Society Chemical Tndustry, 191, London (1979)
  20. K. Shinoda and H. Arai, J. Phys. Chem., 68, 3485 (1964) https://doi.org/10.1021/j100794a007
  21. J. A. Shaeiwitz, A. G. Chan, D. F. Evans, and E. L. Cusseler, J. Colloid Tnterface Sci., 84, 47 (1981)
  22. S. P. Beaudoin, C. S. Grant, and R. G. Carbonnel, l&EC Research, 34, 3307 (1995)