- Volume 18 Issue 6
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Genetic Variability and Relationships of Native Japanese Chickens Assessed by Microsatellite DNA Profiling - Focusing on the Breeds Established in Kochi Prefecture, Japan -
- Osman, S.A.-M. (Laboratory of Animal Breeding and Genetics, Graduate School of Biosphere Science, Hiroshima University) ;
- Sekino, M. (Tohoku National Fisheries Research Institute) ;
- Nishibori, M. (Laboratory of Animal Breeding and Genetics, Graduate School of Biosphere Science, Hiroshima University) ;
- Yamamoto, Y. (Laboratory of Animal Breeding and Genetics, Graduate School of Biosphere Science, Hiroshima University) ;
- Tsudzuki, M. (Laboratory of Animal Breeding and Genetics, Graduate School of Biosphere Science, Hiroshima University)
- Received : 2004.07.12
- Accepted : 2004.12.27
- Published : 2005.06.01
Blood samples were collected from eight native Japanese breeds of chickens (Miyadi-dori, Ohiki, Onaga-dori, Shoukoku, Tosa-Jidori, Tosa-Kukin, Toutenkou and Uzurao) and two foreign breeds of chickens (White Leghorn and Rhode Island Red) to examine the genetic variability and relationships among the breeds by using a microsatellite DNA technique. Except for the Shoukoku breed, the other Japanese chicken breeds all originate from Kochi Prefecture. Ohiki, Onaga-dori, Tosa-Jidori, Toutenkou and Uzurao are fancy fowl, and Miyadi-dori and Tosa-Kukin are utility fowl. Among the fancy fowl, Ohiki, Onaga-dori, and Toutenkou males have thick and long feathers in the saddle and tail. Genetic variabilities of the 20 microsatellites examined, varied depending on the breed: the mean number of alleles per locus ranged from 2.05 (Miyadi-dori) to 3.90 (Rhode Island Red); proportion of polymorphic loci ranged from 0.75 (Miyadi-dori) to 1.00 (Rhode Island Red, Shoukoku and Uzurao); and mean expected heterozygosity ranged from 0.330 (Miyadi-dori) to 0.607 (Rhode Island Red). Unique microsatellite alleles were detected in each breed. Using the neighbour-joining method, phylogenetic trees were constructed based on the genetic distances of D
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