Wind Tunnel Test Study on the Characteristics of Wind-Induced Responses of Tall Buildings with Openings

중공부(中空部)를 가진 고층건축물(高層建築物)의 풍응답(風應答) 특성(特性)에 관한 풍동실험(風洞實驗) 연구(硏究)

  • 김동우 (금오공과대학교 산학협력단) ;
  • 길용식 (금오공과대학교대학원) ;
  • 하영철 (금오공과대학교 건축학부)
  • Received : 2005.02.14
  • Accepted : 2005.08.10
  • Published : 2005.08.27

Abstract

The excessive wind-induced motion of tall buildings most frequently result from vortex-shedding-induced across-wind oscillations. This form of excitation is most pronounced for relatively flexible, lightweight, and lightly damped high-rise buildings with constant cross-sections. This paper discusses the aerodynamic means ofmitigating the across-wind vortex shedding induced in such situations. Openings are added in both the drag and lift directions in the buildings to provide pressure equalization. Theytend to reduce the effectiveness of across-wind forces by reducing their magnitudes and disrupting their spatial correlation. The effects of buildings with several geometries of openings on aerodynamic excitations and displacement responses have been studied for high-rise buildings with square cross-sections and an aspect ratio of 8:1 in a wind tunnel. High-frequency force balance testshave been carried out at the Kumoh National University of Technology using rigid models with 24 kinds of opening shapes. The measured model's aerodynamic excitations and displacement were compared withthose of a square cylinder with no openings to estimate the effectiveness of openings for wind-induced oscillations. From these results, theopening shape, size, and location of buildings to reduce wind-induced vortex shedding and responses were pointed out.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 금오공과대학교

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