- Volume 18 Issue 8
DOI QR Code
Effects of Xylanase Supplementation to Wheat-based Diet on the Performance and Nutrient Availability of Broiler Chickens
- Chiang, Chia-Chun ;
- Yu, Bi ;
- Chiou, Peter Wen-Shyg
- Received : 2004.09.22
- Accepted : 2005.01.28
- Published : 2005.08.01
A trial was conducted to evaluate the level of wheat substituted for corn in a traditional corn-soy diet and the xylanase supplementation effect on the growth performance and nutrient digestion of broiler chickens. This experiment was a randomized design with a 4
- Allen, C. M., K. J. McCracken and M. R. Bedford. 1997. Effect of fat type, rate of wheat inclusion and enzyme supplementation on diet metabolisability and broiler performance. Br. Poult. Sci. 38:S25-S45.
- Cameron-Smith, D., G. R. Collier and K. O’Dea. 1994. Effects of soluble dietary fibre on the viscosity of gastrointestinal contents and the acute glycaemic response in the rat. Br. J. Nutr. 71:563-571.
- Choct, M. and G. Annison. 1990a. The inhibition of nutrient digestion by wheat pentosans. Br. J. Nutr. 67:123-132.
- Erlinger, S. 1987. Physiology of bile secretion and entrohepatic circulation, p. 1557-1580. In (Ed. L. R. Johnson), Physiology of the Gastrointestinal Tract. Raven Press, New York.
- Jacobs, L. R. and F. A. White. 1983. Modulation of mucosal cell proliferation in the intestine of rats fed a wheat bran diet. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 37:946-953.
Yu, B., J. C. Hsu and P. W. S. Chiou. 1998. Effects of
$\beta$-glucanase supplementation of barley diets on growth performance of broilers. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 70:353-361.
- Annison, G. 1992. Commercial enzyme supplementation of wheat based diets raises ileal glycanase activities and improved apparent metabolizable energy, starch and pentosan digestibilities in broiler chickens. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 38:105-121.
- Preston, G. M., K. J. McCracken and M. R. Bedford. 2001. Effect of wheat content, fat source and enzyme supplementation on diet metabolisability and broiler performance. Br. Poult. Sci. 42:625-632. https://doi.org/10.1080/00071660120088443
- Steenfeldt, S., A. Mullertz and F. J. Jensen. 1998. Enzyme supplementation to wheat-based diets for broilers. 1. Effectss on growth performance and intestinal viscosity Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 75:27-43.
- AOAC. 1990. Official Methods of Analysis. 15th edn., Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Arlington, Virginia.
- Brown, R. C., J. Kelleher and M. S. Losowsky. 1979. The effects of pectin on the structure and function of the rat small intestine. Br. J. Nutr. 42:357-365.
- Leegwater, D. C., A. P. de Groot and M. van Kalmthout-Kuyper. 1974. The aetiology of caecal enlargement in the rat. Food Cosmet. Toxicol. 12(5/6):687-697.
- Veldman, A. and H. A. Vahl. 1994. Xylanase in broiler diets with differences in characteristics and content of wheat. Br. Poult. Sci. 35:537-550.
- Yu, B., Y. M. Sun and P. W. S. Chiou. 2002. Effects of glucanase inclusion in a de-hulled barley diet on the growth performance and nutrient digestion of broiler chickens. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 102:35-52.
- Burrin, D. G., C. F. Ferrell and R. A. Britton. 1990. Level of nutrition and visceral organ size and metabolic activity in sheep. Br. J. Nutr. 64:439-448.
- Choct, M. and G. Annison. 1992b. Anti-nutritive effects of wheat pentosans in broiler-chickens: Role of viscosity and gut microflora. Br. Poult. Sci. 33:821-834.
- Vranjes, M. V., H. P. Pfirter and C. Wenk. 1994. Influence of processing treatment and type of cereal on the effects dietary enzymes in broiler diets. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 46:261-270.
- Pasquier, B., M. Armand, F. Guillon, C. Castelain, P. Borel, J. L. Barry, G. Pieroni and D. Lairon. 1996. Viscous soluble dietary fibers alter emulsification and lipolysis of triacylglycerols in duodenal medium in vitro. J. Nutr. Biochem. 7:293-302.
- Choct, M. and G. Annison. 1992a. The inhibition of nutrient digestion by wheat pentosans. Br. J. Nutr. 67:123-132.
- Bedford, M. R. 1995. Mechanism of action and potential environmental benefits from the use of feed enzymes. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 53:145-155. https://doi.org/10.1016/0377-8401(95)02018-U
- Choct, M. and G. Annison. 1990b. Antinutritive activity of wheat pentosans in broiler diets. Br. Poult. Sci. 31:811-821.
- Choct, M., R. J. Hughes, J. Wang, M. R. Bedford, A. J. Morgan and G. Annison. 1996. Increased small intestinal fermentation is partly responsible for the anti-nutritive activity of non-starch polysaccharides in chickens. Br. Poult. Sci. 37:609-621.
- SAS institute Inc. 1989. SAS/STAT User’s Guide. Version 6.4th Edn. SAS Institute Inc., Carry, North Carolina.
- Hew, L. I., V. Ravindran, Y. Mollah and W. L. Bryden. 1998. Influence of exogenous xylanase supplementation on apparent metabolizable energy and amino acid digestibility in wheat for broiler chickens. Anim. Feed Sci. Tech. 75:83-92.
- Schooneveld-Bergmans, M. E. F., Y. M. van Dijk, G. Beldman and A. G. J. Voragen. 1999. Physicochemical Characteristics of Wheat Bran Glucuronoarabinoxylans. J. Cereal Sci. 29:49-61.
- Buchsbaum, R., J. Wilson and I. Valiela. 1986. Digestibility of plant constituents by Canada geese and Atlantic brant. Ecology. 67:386-393.
- Fengler, A. I., J. R. Pawlik and R. R. Marquardt. 1988. Improvement in nutrient retention and changes in excreta viscosities in chicken fed rye containing diets supplemented with fungal enzymes, sodium taurochalate and penicillin. Can. J. Anim. Sci. 68:483-491.
- Lee, S. C., L. Porsky and J. W. de Vries. 1992. Determination of total, soluble, and insoluble dietary fiber in food-enzymaticgravimetric method, MES-TRIS buffer: collaborative study. J. AOAC. Int. 75(3):395-416.
- Marquardt, R. R., D. Boros, W. Guenter and G. Crow. 1994. The nutritive value of barley, rye, wheat and corn for young chicken as affected by use of a Trichoderma reesei enzyme preparation. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 45:363-378.
Salih, M. E., H. L. Classen and G. L. Cambell. 1991. Response of chickens fed on hull-less barley to dietary
$\beta$-glucanase at different ages. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 33:139-149.
- Productive performance, nutrient digestibility and intestinal morphometry in broiler chickens fed corn or wheat-based diets supplemented with bacterial- or fungal-originated xylanase pp.1828-051X, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1080/1828051X.2017.1328990
- Improving Nutrition Utilization and Meat Quality of Broiler Chickens Through Solid-State Fermentation of Agricultural By-Products by Aureobasidium Pullulans vol.19, pp.4, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1590/1806-9061-2017-0495
- Effects of different vehiculization strategies for the allium derivative propyl propane thiosulfonate during dynamic simulation of the pig gastrointestinal tract pp.1918-1825, 2018, https://doi.org/10.1139/cjas-2018-0063
Supported by : National Science Council