Characterization of Putrescine Uptake in Hamster Amelanocytic Melanoma AMEL-3 Cells

  • Garcia-Fernandez, Antonio J. (Departamento de Ciencias Sociosanitarias, Facultad de Veterinaria, Universidad de Murcia) ;
  • Rodriguez, Rosa A. (Departmento de Farmacologia y Toxicologia, Facultad de Veterinaria, Universidad de Leon) ;
  • Perez-Pertejo, Yolanda (Departmento de Farmacologia y Toxicologia, Facultad de Veterinaria, Universidad de Leon) ;
  • Balana-Fouce, Rafael (Departmento de Farmacologia y Toxicologia, Facultad de Veterinaria, Universidad de Leon)
  • Received : 2005.04.05
  • Accepted : 2005.05.23
  • Published : 2005.08.31


The uptake of putrescine, spermidine and spermine by Fortner's hamster amelanocytic melanoma AMEL-3 cells was observed in this study to be time-dependent, temperature-sensitive, pH-dependent and saturable. Metabolic poisons nullified polyamine uptake, an indication that this is an energy-requiring mechanism. The presence of $Na^+$ ions was found to be requisite to full activity. Valinomycin, gramicidin, monensin and the calcium ionophore calcimycin were also observed to inhibit the process substantially. The transporter active site would seem to contain sulfhydryl groups. Other diamines and polyamine analogues, as well as cationic diamidines, suppressed putrescine uptake. The presence of the ornithine decarboxylase inhibitor DFMO in the culture medium induced putrescine inflows. Putrescine, in turn, induced the negative expression of the carrier, thus suggesting that this influx mechanism is governed by up/down regulation. The cationic diamidine CGP 40215A and its analogue CGP039937A competitively inhibited putrescine transport, with Ki values of 1.9 and $15{\mu}M$, respectively. The role of polyamine uptake in these cultures is discussed.


Supported by : Comision Interministerial de Ciencia y Tecnologia, Junta de Castillay Leon


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