Effects of Gamichangbaek-san(Jiaweichangbai-san) on Anti-inflammatory, Analgesic, Anti-febrile Activities and Immune Responses in Carrageenan-induced Arthritic Animals

가미창백산(加味蒼栢散)이 Carrageenan유발 동물모델 관절염의 소염, 진통, 해열 및 면역에 미치는 영향

  • Han, Young-Gyu (Dept. of Oriental Rehabilitation Medicine, College of Oriental Medicine, Dong-Guk University) ;
  • Park, Young-Hoi (Dept. of Oriental Rehabilitation Medicine, College of Oriental Medicine, Dong-Guk University) ;
  • Keum, Dong-Ho (Dept. of Oriental Rehabilitation Medicine, College of Oriental Medicine, Dong-Guk University) ;
  • Lee, Myeong-jong (Dept. of Oriental Rehabilitation Medicine, College of Oriental Medicine, Dong-Guk University)
  • 한영규 (동국대학교 한의과대학 한방재활의학과교실) ;
  • 박영회 (동국대학교 한의과대학 한방재활의학과교실) ;
  • 금동호 (동국대학교 한의과대학 한방재활의학과교실) ;
  • 이명종 (동국대학교 한의과대학 한방재활의학과교실)
  • Received : 2004.12.18
  • Accepted : 2005.01.17
  • Published : 2005.01.30
  • 15 0


Abstract

Objectives : This study was performed to investigate the effects of Gamichangbaek-san(Jiaweichangbai-san) on anti-inflammatory, analgesic, anti-febrile and immune response on the arthritis of carrageenan-induced animals. Methods and Materials : Rats were classified into control and sample groups which are 7 individuals each for the experiments about anti-inflammatory and anti-febrile. Each of the 7 mice were classified into normal, control, sample groups for the analgesic experiments. Gamichangbai-san(Jiaweichangbai-san) was administered to sample group and normal saline was administered to normal and control groups. Arthritis was induced by injection of 1% carrageenan $0.1m{\ell}$ and Gamichangbaek-san(Jiaweichangbai-san) was administered after 30 minutes. The change of edema in Carrageenan-induced Arthritic Rats' Paws was measured after 1 hour and 5 hours from the injection of carraqeenan with Plethysmometer(7150, UGO BASILE, ltaly) by Winter' method. WBC, Lymphocyte and ESR were measured by heart puncture and CD4+ T cell, CD8+ T cell and CD4+/CD8+ T cell ratio were measured from the spleen tissue. Writhing syndrom was measured with Tail flick unit(UGO BASILE, Italy) in the experiments conducted to check the analgesic activity. The temperature of the paws of carrageenan-induced arthritic rats was measured by Laser thermometer. Rectal temperature was measured by Yeast's method in anti-febrile experiments. Immune response was measured by CD4+, CD8+ T cell ratio and CD4+/CD8+ T cell ratio. Results : 1. It was recognized that Gamichangbaek-san(Jiaweichangbai-san) decreased the increase rate of Paw Edema effectively with statistical significance. 2. It was recognized that Gamichangbaek-san(Jiaweichangbai-san) decreased WBC, Lymphocyte and ESR with statistically high significance. 3. It was recognized that Gamichangbaek-san(Jiaweichangbai-san) did not show significant analgesic effect, but the Pressure pain threshold of the paws was increased with statistical significance. 4. It was recognized that Gamichangbaek-san(Jiaweichangbai-san) decreased rectal temperature effectively and had an anti-febrile effect about the febrile of a joint with statistical significance. 5. It was recognized that Gamichangbaek-san(Jiaweichangbai-san) increased CD4+ T cell ratio with statistically high significance and increased CD+8 T cell ratio with statistical non significance but increased CD4+/CD8+ T cell ratio effectively with statistical significance, too. Conclusions : According to the above results, it can be concluded Gamichangbaek-san(Jiaweichangbai-san) showed the treatment effects on the artificial arthritis resulted from carageenan in rats and it is suggested that more interest and study in the security for the clinical use were needed.

Keywords

Gamichangbaek-san(Jiaweichangbai-san);Carrageenan;Arthritis;Anti-inflammatory function;Analgesic effect;Anti-febrile function;Immune response

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