Effects of Combination of Aerobic and Circuit Weight 12 Weeks Training on Body Composition and Body Shape of Middle Aged Korean Women

12주간의 유산소성 및 저항성 복합운동이 20-30대 여성의 체성분과 체형 변화에 미치는 영향

  • Cho, Hyun-Chol (Dept. of Oriental Rehabilitation Medicine, College of Oriental Medicine, Kyung-Won University) ;
  • Hong, Seo-Young (Dept. of Oriental Rehabilitation Medicine, College of Oriental Medicine, Kyung-Won University) ;
  • Park, Sung-Ho (Dept. of Oriental Rehabilitation Medicine, College of Oriental Medicine, Kyung-Won University) ;
  • Cho, Tae-Young (Dept. of Oriental Rehabilitation Medicine, College of Oriental Medicine, Kyung-Won University) ;
  • Choi, Seung-Peom (Dept. of Oriental Rehabilitation Medicine, College of Oriental Medicine, Kyung-Won University) ;
  • Song, Yun-Kyung (Dept. of Oriental Rehabilitation Medicine, College of Oriental Medicine, Kyung-Won University) ;
  • Lim, Hyung-Ho (Dept. of Oriental Rehabilitation Medicine, College of Oriental Medicine, Kyung-Won University)
  • 조현철 (경원대학교 한의과대학 한방재활의학과교실) ;
  • 홍서영 (경원대학교 한의과대학 한방재활의학과교실) ;
  • 박성호 (경원대학교 한의과대학 한방재활의학과교실) ;
  • 조태영 (경원대학교 한의과대학 한방재활의학과교실) ;
  • 최승범 (경원대학교 한의과대학 한방재활의학과교실) ;
  • 송윤경 (경원대학교 한의과대학 한방재활의학과교실) ;
  • 임형호 (경원대학교 한의과대학 한방재활의학과교실)
  • Received : 2004.12.23
  • Accepted : 2005.01.20
  • Published : 2005.01.30
  • 12 0


Abstract

Objectives : This study is to examine the influence of exorcise program to body shape and body composition of women. Exercise program is composed muscular resistance exercise and aerobic exorcise with 70min/time, 5day/week for 4weeks and designed for the reinforcement of muscular strength and the decease the decrease of obesity. Methods : The subjects of this study are 26 females who are from twenty until thirty-nine years old and are divided into two groups according to Obese Rate. normal weight group is 18 females under a BMI of 23 and overweight group is 8 females over a BMI of 23. we measured body compositon and body shape with body composition analyzer(inbody 3.0) measured body compositions are body weight, Lean body mass, base metabolic rate, body fat, %body fat, waist hip ratio, body mass index. measured 6body shade are upper arm circumference, chest circumference, waist circumference, hip circumference, thigh circumference. the measurements had been taken before exercise of each group, after 4 weeks, after 8 weeks, after 12 weeks. Body compositon and body shape of the measured data were analyzed by two-way repeated ANOVA followed by Dunnett's Post hoc test using SPSS. Differences were considered significant at p<0.05. Results and Conclusions : The weight was reduced at a significant level in overweight group after 4 weeks. Body fat percent was reduced at a significant level in normal group alter 4 weeks and overweight group after 8 weeks. Waist-hip ratio was reduced at a significant level in normal and overweight group after 4 weeks. Lean body mass and body metabolic rate were reduced but did not satisfy statistical significance. Circumference of all body parts showed an decrease after 12 weeks exercise program. Upper Arm, Chest, Waist, Hip Circumference were reduced at a significant level in overweight group after 4 weeks, but In normal group only Waist Circumference was reduced at a significant level after 4 weeks. Aerobic and Circuit weight training for 12 weeks reduced body weight and body fat percent, waist circumstance statistically significant without loss of lean body mass and body metabolic rate. Also these change was more effective in overweight group than in normal group.

Keywords

Aerobic and circuit weight training;Body composition;Body shape;Bioimpedence analysis

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