Removal of As(III) in Contaminated Groundwater Using Iron and Manganese Oxide-Coated Materials

철/망간 산화물 피복제를 이용한 오염지하수에서의 As(III)제거

  • Kim Ju-Yong (Arsenic Geoenvironment Laboratory(NRL), Dep. of Environmental Science & Engineering, Gwangju Institute of Science & Technology) ;
  • Choi Yoon-Hyeong (Arsenic Geoenvironment Laboratory(NRL), Dep. of Environmental Science & Engineering, Gwangju Institute of Science & Technology) ;
  • Kim Kyoung-Woong (Arsenic Geoenvironment Laboratory(NRL), Dep. of Environmental Science & Engineering, Gwangju Institute of Science & Technology) ;
  • Ahn Joo Sung (Groungwater and Geothermal Resource Division, Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources) ;
  • Kim Dong Wook (Department of Environmental Engineering, Kongju National University)
  • 김주용 (광주과학기술원 환경공학과 지질환경비소제어 국가지정연구실) ;
  • 최윤형 (광주과학기술원 환경공학과 지질환경비소제어 국가지정연구실) ;
  • 김경웅 (광주과학기술원 환경공학과 지질환경비소제어 국가지정연구실) ;
  • 안주성 (한국지질자원연구원 지하수지열연구부) ;
  • 김동욱 (공주대학교 환경공학과)
  • Published : 2005.12.01

Abstract

Permeable reactive barrier using iron oxide coated sand is one of effective technologies for As(V) contaminated groundwater. However, this method is restricted to As(III), because As(III) species tends to be more weakly bound to adsorbent. In order to overcome the limitation of iron oxide coated sand application to As(III) contaminated groundwater, manganese oxide materials as promoter of As(III) removal were combined to the conventional technology in this study. For combined use of iron oxide coated sand and manganese oxide coated sand, two kinds of removal methods, sequential removal method and simultaneous removal method, were introduced. Both methods showed similar removal efficiency over $85\%$ for 6 hrs. However, the sequential method converted the As contaminated water to acid state (pH 4.5), on the contrary, the simultaneous method maintained neutral state (pH 6.0). Therefore, simultaneous As removal method was ascertained as a suitable treatment technology of As contaminated water. Moreover, for more effective As(III) remediation technique, polypropylene textile which has the characteristics of high surface area, low specific gravity and flexibility was applied as alternative material of sand. The combined use of coated polypropylenes by simultaneous method showed much more prominent and rapid remediation efficiency over $99\%$ after 6 hrs; besides, it has practical advantages in replacement or disposal of adsorbent for simple conventional removal device.

Keywords

arsenic;remediation;manganese oxide;iron oxide;polypropylene

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