DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Growth Characteristics and Germanium Absorption of Rice Plant with Different Germanium Concentrations in Soil

토양중 게르마늄 농도에 따른 벼의 생육 특성 및 게르마늄 흡수

  • Published : 2005.03.31

Abstract

In order to obtain the basic information for agricultural utilization of Germanium(Ge), the growth characteristics and Ge absorption of rice plant were investigated with different Ge concentration in soil. Ge concentrations were treated with 0, 2.5, 5.0 7.5 and 10.0 mg/kg in pot(1/5,000a), respectively. As higher the Ge concentration in soil, the Ge absorption amount in straw, husk and brown rice were increased. But the yields were decreased with the increase of Ge phytotoxicity. When rice plant was grown more than 2.5 mg/kg Ge(as $GeO_2$) in the soil, growth was inhibited by germanium phytotoxicity and necrosis spots were observed in the rice leaf blades. Therefore the optimum concentration of Ge was less than 2.5 mg/kg in rice plant. When rice plant was cultivated on soil supplemented with 2.5 mg/kg Ge, Ge content in straw, husk and brown rice was 103.4, 30.2 and 3.02 mg/kg, respectively. The Ge content in plant was high in the order of straw > husk > brown rice. Most of the amino acids in rice were increased with the increase of Ge treatment, besides, total amino acid contents also increased.

Keywords

germanium;absorption;rice plant;phytotoxicity

References

  1. Mochizuki, H. and Kada, T. (1982) Antimutagenic effect of Ge-132 on ${\gamma}$-ray-induced mutation in Eschercllia coli B/rWP2. Int. J. Radiat. Biol., 42(6), 653-659 https://doi.org/10.1080/09553008214551621
  2. Sasaki, K., Ishikawa, M., lvlonma, K. and Takayanagi, G. (1984) Effect of carboxyethylgermanium sesquioxide(Ge132) on the acute inflammation and $CCl_4$ induced hepatic damage in mice. Pharmacometrice, 27(6), 1119-1131
  3. Ho, C. C., Cherm, Y. F. and Lin, M. T. (1990) Effects of organogermanium compound 2-carboxyethylgermanium sesquioxide on cardiovascular function motor activity in rats. Phannacology, 41, 286-291
  4. Wei, X. S. (1992) Effect of yeast on bioenrichment of germanium. Food Science. 149, 49-54
  5. Lee, J. H., and Namkoong, S. B. (1997) Effect of germanium treatment on absorption of mineral element in rice seedling. J. Life Sci. & Nat. Res. Wonkwang Univ. 20, 27-34
  6. Matsumoto, H., Syo, S. and Takahashi, E. (1975) Translocation and some forms of germanium in rice plants. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr. 21, 273-279 https://doi.org/10.1080/00380768.1975.10432642
  7. Aso, H., Suzuki, F., Yamaguchi, T., Hayashi, Y., Ebina, T. and Ishida, N. (1985) Induction of interferone and activation of NK cells and macrophages in mice by oral administration of Ge-12, and organic germanium compound, Microbial. lmmunol., 29(1), 65-74
  8. Ma. F. J. and Takahashi. E. (2002) Soil, Fertillizer, and Plant Silicon Researd; in Japan
  9. Suzuki, F., Brutkiewicz, R. R. and Pollard, R. B. (1986) Cooperation of lymphokine(s) and marcophages in expression of antitumor activity of carboxyethylgermanium(Ge-132). Antitumor Res. : 62(2), 177-182
  10. Nobohiro, W., Osamu, I., Dakuro, K. and Koichi, Y. (1980) New approaches to using spent brewer's yeast. ASBC Journal, 38, 5
  11. Bernstein, L, R, 1985. germanium geochemistry and mineralogy, Geochim. Cornochim. Acta 49, p. 2409-2422 https://doi.org/10.1016/0016-7037(85)90241-8
  12. Sparkman, D. H., Stein, W. H. and Moore. S. (1958) Automatic recording apparatus for use in the chromatography of amino acids. Anal. Chem. 30, 1190-1197 https://doi.org/10.1021/ac60139a006
  13. Dakley, W. M and Volcani, B. E. (1969). Role of silicon in diatom metabolism. A silicon requirement for deoxyribonucleic acid synthesis in the diatom cylindrotheca fusiformis remann and lewin, Exptl. Cell, Res., 53, 334-339 https://doi.org/10.1016/0014-4827(69)90514-X
  14. Suzuki, Y. and Taguchi, K. (1983) Pharmacological studies of carboxyethyl germanium sesquioxide(Ge-132). Pharmacometrics, 26(5), 803-810
  15. Datnoff. L. E., Snyder, G. H. and Korndoref, G. H. (2001) Silicon in Axriculture
  16. Kumano, N., Nakai, Y., Ishikawa, T., Koinumaru, S., Suzuki, S. and Konno, K. (1978) Effect of carboxyethylgermanium sesquioxide in the methylcholathrene induced tumorigenesis. Sci. Rep. Res. inst. Tahoku Univ., 25, 89-95
  17. Park, B. W, Lee, J. H. and Kwon, T. O. (1996) Effects of $GeO_2$, and citric acid on germanium content of callus and plant in Angelica koreana MAX. Korean J. Medicinal Crop Sci. 4(2), 101-108
  18. Jang, B. C. and Park, M. U. (1997) Absorption and accumulation of 5r-85 by rice(Oryza sativa L.) and its transfer factor from soil to plant. Korean J. Soil Science & Fertilizer. Vol. 30(2), 184-188
  19. Iijima, M., Mugishirra, M., Takeuchi, M., Uchiyama, S., Kobayashi, I. and Maruyama, S. (1990) A case of inorganic germanium poisoning with peripheral and cranial nephropathy. Myopathy and autonomic dysfunction, 42(9), 851-856
  20. Lee, M. S., Lee, J. H, Kwon, T. O. and Namkoong, S. B. (1994) Increment of germanium contents in Angelica keiskie Koidz and Panax ginseng GA. Meyer by In Vitro propagation. Korean J. Medicinal Crop Sci. 3(3), 251-258
  21. Kehlbeck, H. (1983) New geramanium containing yeast for medicinal and veterinary use. Deutsch Patent DE. 3345211
  22. Kim, S. T., Lee, J. W., Choi, B. S. and Lee, B. J. (1988) Determination of germanium in ginseng radix by hydride generation inductively coupled plasma spectrometry. J. of Kor. Soc. of Analytical Science (2) : 203-209
  23. Obara, K., Saito, T., Sato, H., Yamakage, K., Watanabe, T., Kakizawa, M. Tsukamoto, T., Kobayashi, K., Hongo, M. and Yoshinaga, K. (1991) Germanium poisoning; clinical symptoms and renal damage caused by long-term intake of germanium. Japanese Jouranal of Medicine. 30(1), 67-72 https://doi.org/10.2169/internalmedicine1962.30.67
  24. Jang, J. J., K. J. Cho, Y. S. Lee, and Bae, J. H. (1991) Modifying responses of allyl sulfide, indole-3-carbinol and germanium in a rat multi-organ carcinogenesis model, Carcinogenesis, 12(4), 691-695 https://doi.org/10.1093/carcin/12.4.691
  25. Dimartino, M. J. (1986) Antiarthritic and immunoregulatory activity of spirogerrnanium. J. Phrmnacol. Exp. Ther., 236(1), 103-110
  26. Jao, S. W., Lee, W. and Ho, Y. S. (1990) Effect of germanium on 1,2-dimethylhydrazin induced intestinal cancer in rats. Dis. Colon Recuhum. 33, 99-104 https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02055535
  27. Lee, H. M. and Chung, Y. (1991) Effect of organic germanium on metallothionnein induction in liver and kidney of cadmium and mercury intoxicated rats. Kor. Yakhak Hoeji, 35(2), 99-110

Cited by

  1. Effect of Germanium Foliar Spray Application on Growth Characteristics and Germanium Absorption in Rice vol.45, pp.4, 2012, https://doi.org/10.7745/KJSSF.2012.45.4.649
  2. Growth Characteristics and Germanium Absorption of Brasica juncea C. with Different Types of Germanium Compounds in Hydroponic Cultivation vol.44, pp.3, 2011, https://doi.org/10.7745/KJSSF.2011.44.3.465
  3. Germanium in the soil-plant system—a review pp.1614-7499, 2018, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-018-3172-y