The Effects of Toddlers' Characteristics and Child Care Environments on Toddlers' Behaviors in Child Care Center

영아특성 및 보육환경(보육시설과 교사)변인이 영아의 놀이실 행동에 미치는 영향

  • 최지현 (울산대학교 아동가정복지학과) ;
  • 박혜원 (울산대학교 아동가정복지학과)
  • Received : 2005.12.09
  • Accepted : 2005.12.21
  • Published : 2005.12.31


This study aims to investigate and analyze how toddlers' characteristics and child care center's environments including facilities and care-givers' characteristics affect toddlers' behavior in child care center using observational methods. Total 40 toddlers in same numbers of boys and girls participated in this study. Average age of tollers were the 31.7 months ranging from 27 months to 35 months. The toddlers were observed with the observation schedule modified from observation categories of Holloway and Reichhart-Erickson(1988). Data were analysed by Pearson's correlation, t-test, one away ANOVA, Duncan Test and stepwise regression using the SPSSWIN Version. The results of the study were as follow: First, the toddlers' behaviors were related to all the toddlers' characteristics. Second, the toddlers' behaviors were related to all the characteristics of the child care facilities such as the types of facilities, the class size and the caregiver-toddler ratio. Third, the toddler' behaviors were related to caregivers' variables such as the total care experience in centers, the experience with toddler care, the martial status, the certificate types except the child rearing experience and the educational level. Fourth, the toddlers' characteristics were more significantly related to the behavior of them than those of child care centers' environment.