A Study on the Combustion Characteristics of Biomass using Cone- calorimeter (I) : the Case of Maple Leaves, Gingko Leaves, Bush, Pine Needles

콘 칼로리미터를 이용한 바이오매스의 연소특성에 관한 연구(I) - 단풍잎, 은행잎, 덤불, 솔잎에 대해서 -

  • Park, Byung-Hyun (Environment and Fire Control Research Team, Korea Railroad Research Institute) ;
  • Park, Duck-Shin (Environment and Fire Control Research Team, Korea Railroad Research Institute) ;
  • Cho, Young-Min (Environment and Fire Control Research Team, Korea Railroad Research Institute) ;
  • Park, Eun-Young (Environment and Fire Control Research Team, Korea Railroad Research Institute) ;
  • Lee, Cheul-Kyu (Environment and Fire Control Research Team, Korea Railroad Research Institute)
  • 박병현 (한국철도기술연구원 환경 화재연구팀) ;
  • 박덕신 (한국철도기술연구원 환경 화재연구팀) ;
  • 조영민 (한국철도기술연구원 환경 화재연구팀) ;
  • 박은영 (한국철도기술연구원 환경 화재연구팀) ;
  • 이철규 (한국철도기술연구원 환경 화재연구팀)
  • Published : 2005.08.01

Abstract

In recent years, concerns have been growing globally regarding greenhouse gases. Open burning of biomass causes emission of a number of greenhouse and other gases and substances. This paper studied an analysis on the characteristics of four types of biomass using duel type cone calorimeter. Cone calorimeter is widely used for assessing combustibility of materials in Europe. As a result, we evaluated several characteristics of biomass, such as heat released rate, smoke production rate, CO, $CO_2$ production and mass loss rate, and so on. $CO_2$ is currently responsible for over $60\%$ of the enhanced greenhouse effect, and may be the most important contributor to future. $CO_2$ production for biomass in the range of $1.74\~1.99kg/kg$ is similar to previous research conducted by Bhattacharya et al. (2002a).

Keywords

Biomass;Open burning;Combustion;Cone calorimeter

References

  1. Haykiri, A.H. (2003) Combustion characteristics of different biomass materials, Energy conversion & Management, 44, 155- 162 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0196-8904(01)00200-X
  2. Kituyi, E., L. Marufu, S.O. Wandiga, I.O. Jimba, M.O. Andreae, and G. Helas (2001) Carbon monoxide and nitric oxide from biofuel fires in Kenya, Energy conversion &Management, 42, 1517- 1542 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0196-8904(00)00158-8
  3. KSFISO 5660-1, 연소 성능 시험-열 방출, 연기발생, 질량 감소율- 제1부: 열방출률(콘칼로리미터법)
  4. ISO/TR 5660-3, Reaction-to-fire tests-heat release, smoke production and mass loss rate-Part 3 : Guidance on measurement
  5. Babrauskas, V. (1984) Development of the cone calorimetera bench scale heat release rate apparatus based on oxygen consumption, Fire and Materials, 8, 81 -95 https://doi.org/10.1002/fam.810080206
  6. Bhattacharya, S.C., D.O. Albina, and A.M. Khang (2002a) Effects of selected parameters on performance and emission of biomass-fired cookstoves, Biomass and Bioenergy, 23,387-395 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0961-9534(02)00062-4
  7. Bassilakis, R., R.M. Carangelo, and M.A. Wojtowicz (2001) TG-FTIR analysis of biomass pyrolysis, Fuel, 80, 1765-1789 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0016-2361(01)00061-8
  8. 농촌지역 폐기물 관리현황 실태조사(2002. 10) 쓰레기 문제 해결을 위한 시민운동협의회
  9. Bhattacharya, S.C., M.A. Joe, Z. Kandhekar, P.A. Salam, and R.M. Shrestha (1999) Greenhouse-gasemission mitigation from the use of agricultural residues: the case of ricehusk, Energy, 24,4349
  10. Chow, W.K. and S.S. Han (2004) Studies on fire behavior of video compact disc (VCD) materials with a cone calorimeter, Polymer testing, 23,685-694 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.polymertesting.2004.01.007
  11. De Jong, W., A. Pirone, and M.A. Wojtowicz (2003) Pyrolysis of miscanthus giganteus and wood pellets, Fuel, 82, 1139-1147 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0016-2361(02)00419-2
  12. 교토 의정서의 관련 국제 통향 및 향후 전망(2001) 환경부국제협력관실
  13. 기후변화대응 환경부문 종합계획수립(최종보고서)(2003) 한국환경정책. 평가연구원
  14. Bernd, R.T.S. (2002) Biomass burning-a review of organic tracers for smoke from incomplete combustion, Applied Geochemistry, 17, 129- 162 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0883-2927(01)00061-0
  15. Kakko, R., V. Christiansen, E. Mikkola, and R. Kallonen (1995) Toxic combustion products three pesticides, J. Loss Prev. Process Ind, 8(2), 127- 132 https://doi.org/10.1016/0950-4230(95)00004-K
  16. Bhattacharya, S.C., D.O. Albina, and A.P. Salam (2002b) Emission factors of wood and charcoal-fired cookstoves, Biomass and Bioenergy, 23,453-469 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0961-9534(02)00072-7
  17. ISO/TR 5660-2, Reaction-to-fire tests-heat release, smoke production and mass loss rate-Part 2 : Smoke production rate (dynamic measurement)