Basic Social Work Practice Skills: Its Empirical Identification and Classification in Korean Practice Fields

한국 사회복지실천 현장 내 기본 실천기술의 실증적 확인 및 분류

  • Published : 2005.02.28

Abstract

This study aimed to explore empirically social work practice skills that are being used most frequently in a variety of social work settings in Korea. Out of 669 questionnaire sent, 361 were returned. Exploratory factor analysis revealed 7 underlying axes from 132 most frequently used practice skills. They were named as: casework skills, group work skills, family work skills, community work skills, volunteer managing skills, program development and evaluation skills, and agency managing skills. Second factor analysis explored underlying sub-factors from each of the seven axes. Researcher identified 42 principal skills that can represent the underlying sub-factors explored in the previous stage. Finally, research checked if the different work settings use different practice skill axes. Study results can be used to connect social work education settings and practice fields in Korea. There has been an argument that Korean social work education has been teaching improper practice skills to the to-be-social workers.

Keywords

social work practice skills;common skills factors;principal skills' indicators;practice settings;frequently used skills;skills training