An Analysis on the Social Policy Networks A Comparison of the Kim Young-Sam Government and the Kim Dae-Jung Government

사회복지정책 결정 구조에 대한 정책 연결망 분석: 문민 정부와 국민의 정부 비교

  • Published : 2005.11.30

Abstract

In order to examine the causes of the social policy changes in Korea during the late of 1990s, this study tries to compare the social policy decision-making structure between Kim Yong-Sam Government and Kim Dae-Jung Government. This study applies policy network analysis method which measures the relation and power structures of policy actors and as a result shows the characteristics of the policy making structure. Analysing the 6 policy domains and 52 policy events, this study finds that the importance and location of veto points which were created by the social policy decision processes have changed. In Korea, social policy decision processes have been produced power structures in which Ministry of Finance and Economic Planning Board have played a decisive role. In result, these executives can have controlled policy making processes and had veto power, i. e. veto points in policy decision-making structure. But, during Kim Dae-Jung government, accountability issues of financial crisis and reorganization of ministries have changed the importance and location of veto points. Pro-welfare groups of civil society got a chance to penetrate policy decision-making structure during that time. This study argues that these changes of policy decision-making structure may be associated with the social policy changes in Korea during the late of 1990s.

Keywords

policy decision-making structure;policy network;policy event