?Effects of Duchesnea indica on Several Kinds of Cancer Cells

사매가 수종(數種)의 암세포(癌細胞)에 미치는 영향(影響)

  • Kim, Yun-Kwan (3rd Department of Internal Medicine, College of Oriental Medicine, Kyung-Hee University) ;
  • Kim, Jin-Sung (3rd Department of Internal Medicine, College of Oriental Medicine, Kyung-Hee University) ;
  • Yoon, Sang-Hyub (3rd Department of Internal Medicine, College of Oriental Medicine, Kyung-Hee University) ;
  • Ryu, Ki-Won (3rd Department of Internal Medicine, College of Oriental Medicine, Kyung-Hee University) ;
  • Ryu, Bong-Ha (3rd Department of Internal Medicine, College of Oriental Medicine, Kyung-Hee University)
  • 김윤관 (경희대학교 한의과대학 비계내과학교실) ;
  • 김진성 (경희대학교 한의과대학 비계내과학교실) ;
  • 윤상협 (경희대학교 한의과대학 비계내과학교실) ;
  • 류기원 (경희대학교 한의과대학 비계내과학교실) ;
  • 류봉하 (경희대학교 한의과대학 비계내과학교실)
  • Published : 2005.06.30

Abstract

Objectives: The aim of the experiment is to identify any anti-tumor effects of Duchesnea indica(Andr.) Focke on stomach, liver, urinary bladder, prostate and kidney cancer cells. Materials & Methods: For cancer cells, AGS stomach, Hep3B and Hep3G2 liver, HT-1197, HT-1376 urinary bladder, PC3 prostate, and A-704 kidney cancer cells, all obtained from Korean Ce 11 Line Bank, were used. The boiled extract of Duchesnea indica(Andr.) Focke (10 and 20 microliters) was injected into cultures, and the cultures were observed at 0, 6 and 12 hours, and from then on at 12 hours intervals up to 72 hours. The destruction of stomach, liver, urinary bladder, prostate and kidney cancer cells were measured through Trypan blue exclusion testing. The suppresion on viability of stomach, liver, urinary bladder, prostate and kidney cancer cells was measured via MTT assay. Anti-cancer mechanisms were assessed by analyzing the cell cycle. Results: In morphologic change, AGS, Hep3B, HepG2 showed the withdrawn and floating appearance that is typical in cellular impairment. The destruction of AGS, HT-1197, HT-1376, A-704, PC-3, Hep3B and HepG2 cancer cells in each test group was greater than that in the control group to a statistically significant degree. The suppression on viability of AGS, HT-1197 and Hep3G in each test group was greater than that in the control group to a statistically significant degree. Analysis of the cell cycle after injection of D... Focke showed inhibition of cell division in all test groups(AGS, Hep3B, HepG2, HT-1197, HT-1376, PC3, A-704). Conclusions: The results of this experiment suggest that Duchesnea indica(Andr.) Focke has statistically significant anti-tumor effects on stomach, urinary bladder, kidney, prostate and liver cancer, of which stomach and liver cancer are prominently significant. This in vitro experiment supports a role for Duchesnea indica(Andr.) Focke as a potential cancer treatment, but progressive research on Duchesnea indica(Andr.) Focke and its anti-tumor effects is needed to develop a practical application for it in cancer treatment.