Occurrence of the B- and Q-biotypes of Bemisia tabaci in Korea

담배가루이 B와 Q 계통의 국내 발생 상황

  • 이민호 (농업과학기술원 농업해충과) ;
  • 강석영 (농업과학기술원 농업해충과) ;
  • 이선영 (농업과학기술원 농업해충과) ;
  • 이흥수 (경남농업기술원 식물환경연구과) ;
  • 최준열 (농업과학기술원 농업해충과) ;
  • 이관석 (농업과학기술원 농업해충과) ;
  • 김황용 (농업과학기술원 농업해충과) ;
  • 이시우 (농업과학기술원 농업해충과) ;
  • 김선곤 (전남농업기술원) ;
  • 엄기백 (농업과학기술원 농업해충과)
  • Published : 2005.09.01

Abstract

The occurrence of tobacco whiteflies, Bemisia tabaci, in greenhouses was monitored in Korea in 2005. Bemisia tabaci occurred in the rose, sweet pepper, tomato, and cucumber greenhouses of Chungbuk, Chungnam, Gyongnam, and Jeonnam Provinces, but not in Jeonbuk and Gyongbuk Provinces. The biotypes and genetic differentiation of the whiteflies collected in each regions were analyzed by mitochondrial 16S DNA sequences. The 16S DNA sequences of Jincheon (Chungbuk Province) samples were similar to DNA data reported from Japan and Israel which were known as the B biotype. However, the DNA sequences of the Buyeo (Chungnam), Geoje (Gyongnam) and Boseong (Jeonnam) collections, which were 100% homologous showed over 99% similarity to the DNA of Q biotype from Spain and Egyrt. Here we report the first founding of the Q biotype in Korea. It is assumed that, unlike the B biotype reported from Jincheon since 1998, the Q biotype might have been introduced recently from the certain foreign region/country to the greenhouses in those provinces.

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