Factors Related to Self Management in Middle Aged and Elderly with Diabetes Mellitus

중년기와 노년기 당뇨병 환자의 자가관리 관련요인

  • Published : 2005.09.30

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore the self management and related factors that affect the self management of diabetes between the middle aged and elderly groups. Method: This study was based by the conceptual framework of Cox's interaction model of client health behavior. The subjects were two groups; the middle aged group, 80 and the elderly group, 85 who were diabetes mellitus patients. Result: In the middle aged group, gender, education and social support were significantly correlated with self-management of diabetes mellitus. In the elderly group, gender, education, social support and the duration of diagnosis were significantly correlated with self-management of diabetes mellitus. In too middle aged group, the intrinsic motivation of diabetes mellitus patients and their understanding of diabetes were significantly correlated with self-management of diabetes mellitus. Understanding of diabetes and self perception were significantly correlated with self-management in middle aged group. In the elderly group, intrinsic motivation, understanding of diabetes and the attitude of the patients were significantly correlated with self-management Conclusion: In the middle aged group, maintaining a positive attitude of diabetes, reducing stress and continuous social support were important for improving self-management of diabetes mellitus. In the elderly group, enhancing their knowledge of diabetes, and maintaining continuous social support were important to improve self-management of diabetes mellitus.