The Effect of Antiseptic and Sugar Solution on Colony Development of the Bumblebees, Bombus ignitus and B. terrestris

  • Yoon Hyung Joo (Department of Agricultural Biology, The National Institute of Agricultural Science & Technology, RDA) ;
  • Kim Sam Eun (Department of Agricultural Biology, The National Institute of Agricultural Science & Technology, RDA) ;
  • Lee Sang Beom (Department of Agricultural Biology, The National Institute of Agricultural Science & Technology, RDA) ;
  • Seol Kwang Youl (Department of Agricultural Biology, The National Institute of Agricultural Science & Technology, RDA)
  • Published : 2005.09.01

Abstract

We investigated possible effect of different concentration of sugar solution and addition of antiseptic in the solution on oviposition and colony development of Bombus ignitus and B. terrestris. The rates of oviposition, colony foundation and progeny-queen production of B. ignitus were 1.2-3.0 fold higher in the 40$\%$ sugar solution than those of the 50$\%$ sugar solution. The rates of oviposition, colony foundation and progeny­queen production were 1.1-2.6 fold higher in the 40$\%$ sugar solution added in 0.3$\%$ sorbic acid as antiseptic than those of the 40$\%$ sugar solution. Further, the death rate within one month was 1.7 fold lower in the 40$\%$ sugar solution added in 0.3$\%$ sorbic acid than that of 40$\%$ sugar solution alone. In the comparison of the colony development tested using imported sugar solution, the Beehappy???, the 40$\%$ sugar solution added to antiseptic and the 40$\%$ sugar solution with­out antiseptic, the 40$\%$ sugar solution added to antiseptic was about equal to the Beehappy??? in colony development of B. terrestris. Further, the number of adults produced was 1.2-3.0 fold higher in the 40$\%$ sugar solution added to antiseptic than that of the Bee­happy???. Therefore the 40$\%$ sugar solution was more effective than the 50$\%$ sugar solution, and the 40$\%$ sugar solution added to antiseptic was the most effective in colony development and mass rearing of bumblebee.

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