DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Gender and Age Differences in Dietary Behaviors and Food Consumption Pattern of Korean Americans Living in Western Parts of USA

  • Ro, Hee-Kyung ;
  • Georgiou, Connie
  • Published : 2005.06.01

Abstract

This study was conducted to find the gender and age differences in dietary behaviors and food consumption pattern of Korean American adults living in western parts of USA. The structured survey forms and self-administered food frequency questionnaire were used to assess dietary behavior and nutrient intakes. It was found that younger subjects kept their meal time more irregularly and skipped breakfast more often than older subjects due to lack of time. There were significant age differences in skipping meals, kind of skipping meals, and the reasons for skipping meals. Young subjects consumed more American type food while older subjects consumed more traditional Korean food. Nutrient intakes of males' except for the elderly were significantly higher in energy, protein, Fe and P than those of females'. Vitamin A and vitamin C intake were significantly higher in females. Energy ratio of carbohydrate: protein: fat was 56.2 : 16.8 : 27.0. Females consumed more plant food as their dietary sources of protein, fat, Ca and Fe, compared to males. Ca intakes of participants' were below $75\%$ of RDA except for the youngest male and $30\~49$ aged male and females. Futhermore, Ca intake was below $70\%$ after age 50 in both genders. Effective nutrition education program targeting Korean Americans in the community should be developed and implemented to increase Ca consumption.

Keywords

dietary behavior;nutrient intake;nutrition education program

References

  1. Lee MM. 2001. Immigrant women's health: nutritional assessment and dietary intervention. Culture and Medicine 175: 133-137
  2. Ministry of Health and Welfare, Republic of Korea. 1998. National Health and Nutrition Survey
  3. Tripp-Reimer T, Choi E, Kelley LS. 2000. Reaching ethnically diverse audiences. J Am Diet Asso 1645-1646
  4. Chosun Daily News (US Edition) issued on April, 18. 2003
  5. Sucher KP, Kittler PG. 1991. Nutrition isn't color blind. J Am Diet Assoc 91: 297-299
  6. US Department of Health and Human Services. 1989. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
  7. The Korean Nutrition Society. 2002. CAN-Pro 2.0 (Computer Aided Nutritional Analysis Program for Professionals 2.0)
  8. USDA Nutrient Data Laboratory. www.nal.usda.gov/fnic/foodcomp
  9. Son JY. 1994. Factors influencing diet and dietary changes of Koreans in TompKins County. PhD Dissertation. Cornell University, Itaca, NY
  10. Satia JA, Patterson RE, Taylor VM, Cheney CL, ShiuThornton S, Chitnarong K, Kristal AR. 2000. Use of qualitative methods to study diet, acculturation, and health in Chinese-American women. J Am Diet Assoc 100: 934-940 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0002-8223(00)00269-8
  11. Rai S, Ganganaa P, Boweing J. 1999. Dietary habits of Asian Indians in relation to length of residence in the United States. J Am Diet Assoc 99: 1106-1108 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0002-8223(99)00266-7
  12. Satia-Abouta J, Patterson RE, Neuhouser ML. 2002. Dietary acculturation: application to nutrition research and dietetics. J Am Diet Assoc 102: 1105-1118 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0002-8223(02)90247-6
  13. Pan YL, Dixon Z, Himburg S, Huffman F. 1999. Asian students change their eating patterns after living in the United States. J Am Diet Assoc 99: 54-57 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0002-8223(99)00016-4
  14. Story M, Harris LJ. 1989. Food habits and dietary change of Southeast Asian refugee families living in the United States. J Am Diet Assoc 89: 800-803
  15. Lee SK, Sobal J, Frongillo EA Jr. 1999. Acculturation and dietary practices among Korean Americans. J Am Diet Assoc 99: 1084-1089 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0002-8223(99)00258-8
  16. Song YJ, Pairk HY, Park HR, Hofstetter R. 2004. Socioeconomic, acculturation and lifestyle factors affecting the dietary patterns of Korean-Americans in California. Nutr Sci 7: 158-164
  17. Cross NA, Kim KK, Yu ES, Chen EH, Kim JK. 2002. Assessment of the diet quality of middle-aged and older adult Korean Americans living in Chicago. J Am Diet Assoc 102: 552-554 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0002-8223(02)90128-8
  18. US. Departments of Agriculture and Health and Human Service. 2000. Nutrition and your health: Dietary guidelines for Americans. 5th ed. Washington DC. p 232
  19. Korean Nutrition Society. 2000. Korean dietary allowances 7th ed
  20. Ro HK, Oh KA. 2003. Gender and age differences in the nutritional status of the low income elderly living in Gwangju. Korean J Com Nutr 8: 302-310
  21. Yoon HS, Kim GR. 2002. A study on the health and nutritional status of bus drivers in the Masan area. Korean J Com Nutr 7: 316-326
  22. Brown JE, Isaacs JS. 2002. Nutrition through the life cycle. Wadsworth Group, Belmont, CA, USA
  23. Kim YO. 2001. Food and nutrient consumption patterns of Korean adults by socioeconomic status. Korean J Com Nutr 6: 645-656
  24. Gordon BH, Kang MS, Cho P, Sucher KP. 2000. Dietary habits and health beliefs of Korean-Americans in the San Francisco Bay Area. J Am Diet Assoc 100: 1198-1201 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0002-8223(00)00346-1