Pathogenicity of Entomopathogenic Nematodes to Popillia quadriguttata(Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) Adult

녹색콩풍뎅이(Popillia quadriguttata) 성충에 대한 곤충병원성선충의 병원성

  • Lee Kun Sik (Department of Applied Biology, Sangju National University) ;
  • Lee Dong Woon (Department of Applied Biology, Sangju National University) ;
  • Kim Hyeong Hwan (Horticultural Environment Division of National Horticultural Research Institute, RDA) ;
  • Lee Sang Myeong (Southern Forest Research Center, National Forest Science Institute) ;
  • Choo Ho Yul (Department of Applied Biology and Environmental Sciences, Institute of Agriculture & Life Sciences, Gyeongsang National University) ;
  • Shin Hong Kun (Turfgrass and Environment Research Institute, Golf Culture Division, Samsung Everland INC)
  • 이근식 (상주대학교 생물응용학과) ;
  • 이동운 (상주대학교 생물응용학과) ;
  • 김형환 (원예연구소 원예환경과) ;
  • 이상명 (국립산림과학원 남부산림연구소) ;
  • 추호렬 (경상대학교 응용생물환경학과 농업생명과학연구원) ;
  • 신홍균 (삼성에버랜드 잔디, 환경 연구소)
  • Published : 2005.06.01

Abstract

Three Korean isolates of entomopathogenic nematodes, Steinernema carpocapsae KCTC 0981BP (ScK), S. glaseri Dongrae (SgD), and Heterorhabditis sp. KCTC 0991BP (HsK), were evaluated for the control of a turfgrass pest, Popillia quadriguttata. Three days after treatment, all nematodes showed high pathogenicity to adult P. quadriguttata with $97.5\%$ mortality by ScK, $90.8\%$ by HsK, and $80\%$ by SgD at the concentration of 900 infective juveniles per adult. Nematode attachment and infection rate to adult P. quadriguttata were various depending on nematode species and inoculation density. The rate of nematode attachment was $90.8\%$ in HsK, $90.6\%$ in SgD, and $35\%$ in ScK, resfectively at the concentration of 900 infective juveniles per adult. The infection rate that represents the rate of detected nematode from inside insect of body was $97.5\%$ in ScK, $ 80\%$ in both HsK and SgD at the 900 concentration of infected juveniles. The infection rate, however, was decreased to $27.5\%$ in ScK, $72.5\%$ in SgD, but no nematodes was detected in HsK at the concentration of 90 infective juveniles.

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