Life Cycle of Tipula latemarginata Alexander (Diptera: Tipulidae) in Korea

한국산 애아이노각다귀, Tipula latemarginata Alexander, (파리목, 각다귀과)의 생활사

  • Kim Dong Sang (Department of Biological Science, College of Natural Sciences, Andong National University) ;
  • Lee Jong Eun (Department of Biological Science, College of Natural Sciences, Andong National University)
  • 김동상 (안동대학교 자연과학대학 생명과학과) ;
  • 이종은 (안동대학교 자연과학대학 생명과학과)
  • Published : 2005.06.01

Abstract

This study was conducted to investigate the life cycle of Tipula latemarginata Alexander in Korea. The field surveys for the life cycle of the species were carried out at the two sites of Neaseong Stream area in Bongwha County from January 2001 to December 2002. Also many individuals of the species were reared in laboratory to investigate the life cycle. T latemarginata appeared to have three generations a year under the rearing conditions at room temperature. All the processes of life cycle of the species, when reared at room temperature from September 2001 to March 2002, were as follows: Eggs usually hatched between 4 and 10 days after oviposition. First instar larvae grew rapidly and molted to the second instar in 7-9 days. Second instar larvae spent 5-7 days for next molting and third instar period lasted approximately 8-12 days. Fourth instar larvae spent 6 weeks to 5 months for pupation. Especially the duration of fourth instar larval existence was greatly lengthened and served as the overwintering stage. The duration of pupal stage was 6-10 days. In the field, T. latemarginata also appeared to have three generations a year at the favorable habitats.

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