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Comparison of Electrical Properties and AFM Images of DSSCs with Various Sintering Temperature of TiO2 Electrodes

TiO2 전극의 소결 온도에 따른 DSSCs의 전기적 특성 및 AFM 형상 비교

  • 김현주 (한국전기연구원 전자기소자연구그룹) ;
  • 이동윤 (한국전기연구원 전자기소자연구그룹) ;
  • 이원재 (한국전기연구원 전자기소자연구그룹) ;
  • 구보근 (한국전기연구원 전자기소자연구그룹) ;
  • 송재성 (한국전기연구원 전자기소자연구그룹)
  • Published : 2005.06.01

Abstract

In order to improve the efficiency of dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC), $TiO_2$ electrode screen-printed on transparent conducting oxide (TCO) substrate was sintered in variation with different temperature$(350\;to\;550^{\circ}C)$. $TiO_2$ electrode on fluorine doped tin oxide (FTO) glass was assembled with Pt counter electrode on FTO glass. I-V properties of DSSCs were measured under solar simulator. Also, effect of sintering temperature on surface morphology of $TiO_2$ films was investigated to understand correlation between its surface morphology and sintering temperature. Such surface morphology was observed by atomic force microscopy (AFM). Below sintering temperature of $500^{\circ}C$, efficiency of DSSCs was relatively lower due to lower open circuit voltage. Oppositely, above sintering temperature of $500^{\circ}C$, efficiency of DSSCs was relatively higher due to higher open circuit voltage. In both cases, lower fill factor (FF) was observed. However, at sintering temperature of $500^{\circ}C$, both efficiency and fill factor of DSSCs were mutually complementary, enhancing highest fill factor and efficiency. Such results can be explained in comparison of surface morphology with schematic diagram of energy states on the $TiO_2$ electrode surface. Consequently, it was considered that optimum sintering temperature of a-terpinol included $TiO_2$ paste is at $500^{\circ}C$.

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