Cognition and Practice of Safe Handling of Cytotoxic Drugs in University Hospital Nurses

간호사들의 항암제 취급실태와 안전수칙에 대한 인지도와 실천도

  • 김매자 (서울대학교 간호대학) ;
  • 전명희 (대전대학교 한의과대학 간호학과) ;
  • 최진선 (서울아산병원) ;
  • 박종순 (대전대학교 한의과대학 간호학과)
  • Published : 2004.08.31

Abstract

Purpose : To provide basic data for establishing the policy of safe handling of cytotoxic drugs and for building training materials and clinical guidelines for nurses handling cytotoxic drugs. Methods: 255 nurses in Seoul and 257 nurses in D metropolitan area participated in the study. Questionnaires were based on the safe handling guideline for cytotoxic drugs issued by OSHA and ONA. Results: Nurses in Seoul scored higher in the cognition for safe handling guidelines of cytotoxic drugs in preparation, administration. as well as total score compared with nurses in D metropolitan area. The practical score also showed higher in nurses in Seoul in administration, disposal and total score. But both groups showed low level of practical score. The answers why they could not follow the guideline for cytotoxic drugs were "don't have", "busy", and "don't know", etc Conclusion: Handling of the cytotoxic drug is very common and important. The study findings suggest that hospitals especially in D metropolitan area should educate the nurses and supply equipments for safe handling of cytotoxic drugs. Thus, repetitive and continual education of all nurses including experts is needed. In addition, it is necessary to supply enough protective equipment for preventing exposure to the cytotoxic drugs.