A Case Study on Strategic Planning in NASA In the Perspective of Strategic Planning in Publicly funded R&D Organizations

미 항공우주국 (NASA)의 전략기획에 대한 사례 연구 - 공공 연구개발 조직의 전략기획의 관점에서

  • Published : 2004.12.01

Abstract

This paper analyzes the strategic planning process of NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) including its center, GSFC (Goddard Space Flight Center) in the framework of strategic planning in publicly funded R&D organizations. To construct this framework, theories have been considered mainly focused on strategic management and planning, its application on public sector, and characteristics of R&D activities. As a result, the framework could be set up in accordance with the process of strategic planning. Also, as a case study, we explored the practice of strategic planning process and organizational implementation of NASA and GSFC. During the analysis on the strategic process of NASA and GSFC, we could draw some lessons out as follows: First, we should consider the differences between private and public sectors when we establish strategic planning in public sector. Second, the stakeholder analysis should be involved in setting the mission, goals, and strategies of an organization. Third, it is necessary to identify and assess the socio-economic effects or public benefits by R&D programs of the organization and use the feedback on its goal. Fourth, to implement strategic planning effectively, planning process should be closely integrated with the management process such as setting goals, securing budgets, and evaluating the organization. Conclusively, the analysis on NASA and GSFC contribute to implementing strategic planning in publicly funded R&D organizations by providing the appropriately modified framework. As an extension of this study, more deliberate analysis on various practices of strategic planning and performance indicators should be followed.