Characterization of Catechol l,2-Dioxygenase Purified from the Benzoate Degrading Bacterium, Pseudomonas sp. NFQ-l Isolated from Dead Coal Pit Areas

폐광지역에서 분리한 Benzoate 분해세균 Pseudomonas sp. NEQ-1에서 정제된 Catechol 1,2-Dioxygenase의 특성

  • Joo Jung-Soo (Department of Life Science, Soochunhyang University) ;
  • Yoon Kyung-Ha (Department of Life Science, Soochunhyang University)
  • 주정수 (순천향대학교 자연과학대학 생명과학부) ;
  • 윤경하 (순천향대학교 자연과학대학 생명과학부)
  • Published : 2004.12.01

Abstract

Our previous research has demonstrated that the bacterium, Pseudomonas sp. NFQ-l capable of utilizing quin­oline (2,3-benzopyridine) as the sole source of carbon, nitrogen, and energy was isolated and characterized [Yoon et ai. (2003) Kor. J. Biotechnol. Bioeng. 18(3):174-179]. In this study, we have found that Pseudomonas sp. NFQ-l could degrade quinoline as well as benzoate, and extended this work to characterize the catechol 1,2­dioxygenase (C1,2O) purified from the bacterium cultured in benzoate media. Initially, C1,2O has been purified by ammonium sulfate precipitation, gel permeation chromatography, and Source 15Q. After Source 15Q, puri­fication fold was increased to approximately 14.21 unit/mg. Molecular weight of C1,2O was about 33 kDa. Physicochemical characteristics (e.g., substrate specificity, Km, Vmax, pH, temperature and effect of inhibitors) of purified C1,2O were examined. C1,2O demonstrated the activity for catechol, 4-methylcatechol and 3-meth­ylcatechol as a substrate, respectively. The Km and Vmax value of C1,2O for catechol was 38.54 ${\mu}M$ and $25.10\;{\mu}mol{\cdot}min^{-1}{\cdot}mg^{-1}.$ The optimal temperature of C1,2O was $30^{\circ}C$ and the optimal pH was approximately 8.5. Metal ions such as $Ag^+,\;Hg^+,\;Ca^{2+},\;and\;Cu^{2+}$ show the inhibitory effect on the activity of C1,2O. N-terminal amino sequence of C1,2O was analyzed as ^1TVKISQSASIQKFFEEA^{17}.$ In this work, we found that the amino acid sequence of NFQ-l showed the sequence homology of 82, 71, 59 and $53\%$ compared with C1,2O from Pseudomonas aeruginosa PA0l, Pseudomonas arvilla C-1., P. putida KT2440 and Pseudomonas sp. CA10, respectively.

Keywords

benzoate;catechol 1,2-dioxygenase;Pseudomonas sp. NFQ-1;N-terminal amino acid sequence

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