Insecticidal Activity of Spearmint Oil against Trialeurodes vaporariorum and Bemisia tabaci Adults

온실가루이와 담배가루이에 대한 Spearmint Oil의 살충활성

  • Choi Yu-Mi (Dept. of Plant Medicine, College of Agriculture, Life and Environment Sciences, Chungbuk National University) ;
  • Kim Gil-Hah (Dept. of Plant Medicine, College of Agriculture, Life and Environment Sciences, Chungbuk National University)
  • 최유미 (충북대학교 농업생명환경대학 식물의학과) ;
  • 김길하 (충북대학교 농업생명환경대학 식물의학과)
  • Published : 2004.12.01

Abstract

These studies were carried out to investigate the fumigation and contact toxicities of spearmint oil (Mentha spicata) against adults of greenhouse whitefly, Trialeurodes vaporariorum and sweet-potato whitefly, Bemisia tabaci. And we carried out the constituent analysis of spearmint oil using gas chromatograph (GC) and gas chromatograph mass spectrometry (GC/MS). Spearmint oil showed $99.1\%,\;91.7\%,\;41.1\%$ fumigation toxicity against T. vaporariorum adults at $10{\mu}L/954mL,\;5{\mu}L/954mL,\;1{\mu}L/954mL$ air concentration, respectively. In case of B. tabaci adults, spearmint oil showed $100\%,\;100\%,\;61.3\%$ fumigation toxicity, respectively. However, spearmint oil showed < $30\%$ contact toxicity against adults of T. vaporariorum and B. tabaci. Through the constituent analysis using GC and GC/MS, we confirmed main constituents of spearmint oil were limonene ($16.1\%$), ${\gamma}$-terpinene($13.8\%$), ${\rho}$-cymene($5.8\%$), 3-octanol($6.9\%$), carvone($40.9\%$). Carvone, major constituent of spearmint oil, also showed $100\%$ fumigation toxicity at $10{\mu}L/954mL$ air concentration.

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