A Study on the Impact Factor of Bridges

교량의 충격계수에 관한 연구

  • Youn, IIro (Department of Civil Engineering Sangju National University) ;
  • Ryu, Taek-Eun (Department of Civil Engineering Sangju National University)
  • 윤일로 (상주대학교 토목공학과) ;
  • 류택은 (상주대학교 토목공학과)
  • Received : 2003.12.26
  • Accepted : 2004.05.20
  • Published : 2004.05.31


The impact factor of bridges is analyzed based on experimental data to examine the characteristics of the dynamic responses of bridges. The experimental impact factors are compared with the impact factor of Korean Highway Design Specification and Japan T-load in terms of the span length. According to the superstructural types of bridges, the variation of the impact factor is analyzed. When vehicles are passing on a bridge, the dynamic effect acts on the bridge impact factor more than at the time of design because of the velocity of vehicles, the surface roughness reduction due to the deterioration of the bridge deck pavement, and the disconnection of the bridge entrance and the expansion joint. Because the actual value is greater than the expected value at the time of design, the dynamic response of the bridge accelerates the deterioration of the bridge due to the accumulation of fatigue, and the bridge's life-time is shortened and can have an influence on the serviceability and safety of the bridge.