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Analysis of Carcass Quality Grade Components and ChemicoPhysical and Sensory Traits of M. longissimus dorsi in Hanwoo

한우 도체 육질등급 요인 분석과 육질등급에 따른 이화학 및 관능 특성

  • Published : 2004.10.31

Abstract

The current study was conducted to analysis the effects of sex and live weight on carcass characteristics using total 773 Hanwoo, and to assess the effects of quality grade on chemico-physical and sensory characteristics in longissimus muscle. Results show that both steer and cow received superior quality grade to bull within the same weight c1ass(P < 0.05). Marbling score, texture, maturity, meat color and fat color were significantly( P< 0.01) affected by sex, whilst only marbling score and maturity were significantly affected by live weight. The ultimate quality grade showed significant relationships with marbling score(r = - $0.81^{**}) meat color (r= 0.21^{**}) fat color(r = 0.10^{**}) and with texture(r = 0.41^{**})$ but that had no such a relationship with maturity. WB-shear force and cooking loss were decreased when carcass grade was increased(P < 0.01), but water-holding capacity was identical between the quality grades. Objective meat color dimensions in lightness, redness and yellowness were increased for higher quality grade(P< 0.01). Meat flavor, juiciness and tenderness received higher scores for higher quality grade(P< 0.01). Intramuscular fat content had significantly relationships with WB-shear force(r = 0.$56^*), water-holding capacity(r = 0.18^{**}), juiciness(r = 0.46^{**}), tenderness(r= 0.49^{**})$, and flavor intensity(r = 0.$34^*$). In addition, a higher WB-shear force was related to a lower flavor, tenderness and juiciness scores.

Keywords

Quality grade;Marbling;Palatability;Hanwoo

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