Temporal and Spatial Dynamics of an Epilithic Algal Community in the Hantan River

한탄강의 돌 부착조류 군집의 시, 공간 동태

  • Published : 2004.03.31


This study investigated the temporal and spatial dynamics of an epilithic algal community in the Hantan River in November 2001, February, May and August 2002. It was identified a total of an epiphlithic 301 taxa which were composed of 275 species, 16 varieties and 10 unidentified species. The standing crops ranged between 598,600-16,525,200 cells $\cdot$ $cm^2$ and showed the temporal and spatial variations, A higher value was found at the lower station than the upper station in winter, but a higher value was found at the upper station than the lower station in summer due to the effects of typhoons. Chlorophyll concentrations ranged between 13.4-304.2 ${\mu}g$ $\cdot$ $cm^2$. Standing crops and chlorophyll showed similar trends in autumn and winter, but temporal dynamics were not apparent in the overgrowth of Lyngbya, Schizothrix and so others in Cyanophyceae in spring and summer. They were composed of species in Chlorophyceae-Bascillariophyceae-Cyanophyceae and no seasonal effect was detected. Low diversity index values probably indicated the effects of environmental stresses (water temperature, flow and current velocity) other than organic pollution. An assessment of organic pollution using epilithic diatoms (DAIpo) showed $\alpha$-oligosaprobic states at the upper- and mid- stations, and $\alpha$-mesosaprobic states at the lower- stations.


  1. 건설교통부. 1997. 임진강 유역 조사 최종보고서 197 pp
  2. 김용재. 1999 부착규조 군집에 의한 포천천의 수질 평가. 한국육수학회지 32: 135-140
  3. 김용재. 2001. 신천의 부착규조 군집을 이용한 유기오탁 판정 한국육수학회지 34: 199-205
  4. 김현주, 윤해순,김진수,김현우,주기재. 1997. 산지하천에서 빛과 초식에 의한 부착조류의 생체량 변화. 한국육수학회지 30: 385-392
  5. 신재기,조경제. 1998. 대청천에서 부착조류의 1차 생산성 한국육수학회지 31: 294-302
  6. 이경. 윤숙경. 2000. 전남 광양의 수어천 수역에 있어서 식물플랑크톤과 부착조류 군집의 계절적 변화. 한국육수학회지 33: 38-50
  7. 이정호. 1998. 낙동강의 부착규조와 유기오탁 지수 (Dalpo). 한국육수학회지 31: 38-44
  8. 최재신,김한순,강만도 1998. 신천의 부착규조 군집의 계절적 동태. 한국육수학회지 31: 235-240
  9. 환경부. 1995. 수질오염 폐기물 공정 시험방법. 동화기술 565 pp
  10. Antone S.E. 1995. Epilithic algal population dynamics of the River Wye System, Wales, U.K. Algol. Stud. 78: 11-31
  11. Antone S.E. and Benson-Evans K. 1988. Environment and hydrological characteristics of the River Wye System, Wales, U.K. Acta Hydroehim. Hydrobio!. 16: 3-37
  12. APHA, AWWA, WEF. 1992. Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater, 18th ed. American Public Health Association, Washington, DC
  13. Butcher R.W. 1947. Studies on the ecology of river VII. The algae of organically enriched waters. J' Eeo!. 35: 186-191
  14. Doddes W.K., Huston R.E., Evans A.C., Gudder D.A., Fitz K.M. and Gray L. 1996. The relationship of floods drying, flow and light to primary production and producer biomass in a prairie stream. Hydrobiol. 333: 151-159
  15. Esho R.T and Benson-Evans K 1984. Algal studies of the River Ely, South Wales, U.K. II. Epilithic algae. Nova Hedwig. 38: 387-421
  16. Hendey N.I. 1874. The permanganate method for cleaning freshly gathered diatoms. Microscopy 32: 423-426
  17. Hynes H.B.N. 1970. The Ecology of Running Waters. Liverpool Univ. Press. Liverpool. 555 pp
  18. Hutchinson G.E. 1967. A Treatise on Limnology. Vol. II. Introduction to Lake Biology and the Limnoplankton. John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1115 pp
  19. Klarer D.M. and Hickman V. 1975. The effect of thermal effluent upon the standing crop of an epiphytic algal community. Int. Revueges. Hydrobiol. 60: 17-62
  20. Lamberti G.A. 1993. Grazing experiments in artificial streams. IN. Am. Benthol. Soc. 12: 337-343
  21. Lund J.W.G. 1950. Studies on Asterionella formosa Hass. 2. Nutrient depletion and the spring maximum. J. Ecol. 38: 135
  22. Moss B. 1976. The effect of fertilization and fish on community structure and biomass of aquatic macrophytes and epiphytic algal population; an ecosystem experiment. J. Ecol. 64: 313-342
  23. Parsons T.R., Takahashi M. and Hargrave. B. 1977. Biological Oceanographic Processes. Pergammon Press. New York. 332pp
  24. Porter K.G. 1973. Selective grazing and differential digestion of algae by zooplankton. Nature 244: 179-180
  25. Shannon C.E and Weaver W. 1963. The Mathematical Theory of Communication. Illinois Univ. Press, Urbana. 177 pp
  26. Shimpson E.H. 1949. System of water quality from the biological point of view. Arch. Hydrobiol. Beih.2. Erhrg. Limnol. 7: 218 pp
  27. Tait C.K., Li J.L., Lamberti G.A., Pearsons T.N. and Li H.W. 1994. Relationships between riparian cover and the community structure of high desert stream. J.N. Am. Benthol. Soc. 13: 45-56
  28. Tett P., Gallegos C, Kelly M.G., Horenberger M. and Cosby B.J. 1987. Relationships among substrate, flow and benthic microalgal pigment density in the Mechums River, Virginia. Limnol. Oceanogr. 23: 785-797
  29. Watanabe T. and Asai K 1990. Numerical simulation using diatom assemblage of organic pollution in streams and lakes. Rev. Inquiry and Res. (Kansai Univ. Foreign Studies) 52: 99-139
  30. Whitton B.A. 1984. Ecology of European Rivers. Blackwell Scientific Publ. Oxford. 609pp
  31. Zimmerman P. 1962. Der Einfluss der Strornung auf die Zusammensetzung der Lebens-gemeinschfaten im Experiment. Schweiz. Z. Hydrol. 24: 408-411

Cited by

  1. The Dynamic of Phytoplankton Communities and the Biological Water Quality Assessment at Three Artificial Weirs in Downstream of Namhan-river vol.30, pp.6, 2014,
  2. Distribution of Epilithic Diatom Assemblages in an Urban Stream in Busan: Effected of Urban Climatic Conditions vol.35, pp.2, 2017,